Find suppliers for this alloyC11000
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1,2,3)
(1) Oxygen and trace elements may vary depending on the process. (2) This is a high conductivity copper which has, in the annealed condition a minimum conductivity of 100% IACS. (3) Cu value includes Ag.
Min (%)99.90
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Izod
(ft-lbs)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Ultimate Tensile Strength in Shear
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0242   Typ
36   Typ
14   Typ
40   Typ
84   Typ
50   Typ
26   Typ
13   Typ
0.04
1/4 HardH0138   Typ
30   Typ
35   Typ
25   Typ
70   Typ
25   Typ
25   Typ
0.025
H0138   Typ
30   Typ
25   Typ
25   Typ
70   Typ
36   Typ
25   Typ
0.04
1/8 HardH0036   Typ
28   Typ
40   Typ
10   Typ
60   Typ
25   Typ
0.025
H0036   Typ
28   Typ
30   Typ
10   Typ
60   Typ
25   Typ
25   Typ
0.04
As Hot RolledM2032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.025
M2034   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
23   Typ
0.04
Extra SpringH1057   Typ
53   Typ
4   Typ
62   Typ
95   Typ
64   Typ
29   Typ
0.04
HardH0450   Typ
45   Typ
12   Typ
28   Typ
0.24
H0450   Typ
45   Typ
6   Typ
50   Typ
90   Typ
57   Typ
28   Typ
28   Typ
0.04
H0445   Typ
40   Typ
20   Typ
45   Typ
85   Typ
26   Typ
1
H0450   Typ
45   Typ
12   Typ
50   Typ
90   Typ
28   Typ
0.025
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02534   Typ
11   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
23   Typ
11   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.025
OS05032   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.04
SpringH0855   Typ
50   Typ
4   Typ
60   Typ
94   Typ
63   Typ
29   Typ
14   Typ
0.04
RodAs Hot RolledM2032   Typ
10   Typ
55   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
1
HardH0448   Typ
44   Typ
16   Typ
47   Typ
87   Typ
27   Typ
17   Typ
135
H0445   Typ
40   Typ
20   Typ
45   Typ
85   Typ
26   Typ
6.4   Typ
32   Typ
216
H0455   Typ
50   Typ
10   Typ
60   Typ
94   Typ
29   Typ
0.2540
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05032   Typ
10   Typ
55   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
1
ShapesAs Hot ExtrudedM3032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.5
As Hot RolledM2032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.5
HardH0440   Typ
32   Typ
30   Typ
35   Typ
26   Typ
0.515
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.5
TubeHard DrawnH8055   Typ
50   Typ
8   Typ
29   Typ
40
H8055   Typ
50   Typ
8   Typ
60   Typ
95   Typ
63   Typ
29   Typ
0.06540
Light Drawn, Light Cold RolledH5540   Typ
32   Typ
25   Typ
35   Typ
77   Typ
45   Typ
26   Typ
0.06515
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02534   Typ
11   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
23   Typ
0.065
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05032   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.065
WireHardH0455   Typ
1.5   Typ
29   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05035   Typ
35   Typ
24   Typ
0.08
SpringH0866   Typ
1.5   Typ
33   Typ
0.08
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
(1) Actual value .321 - .323.
(2) Volume and weight basis.
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1981
Melting Point - Solidus°F1949
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.322(1)
Specific Gravity8.91
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F101(2)
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F226
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-21210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 212°F)9.4
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-39210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 392°F)9.6
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)9.8
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.092
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi17000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6400
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingGood
Oxyacetylene WeldingNot Recommended
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingFair
Coated Metal Arc WeldingNot Recommended
Spot WeldNot Recommended
Seam WeldNot Recommended
Butt WeldGood
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedExcellent
Forgeability Rating65
Machinability Rating20
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Coining
  • Coppersmithing
  • Drawing
  • Etching
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Hot Forging and Pressing
  • Piercing and Punching
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Shearing
  • Spinning
  • Squeezing and Swaging
  • Stamping
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing7001200
Hot Treatment14001600
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ArchitectureBuilding FrontsAppearanceAppearance
Building FrontsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
DownspoutsAppearanceAppearance
DownspoutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
DownspoutsSolderabilitySolderability
FlashingAppearanceAppearance
FlashingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
GuttersAppearanceAppearance
GuttersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RoofingAppearanceAppearance
RoofingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RoofingSolderabilitySolderability
Skylight FramesAppearanceAppearance
Skylight FramesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
SpoutingAppearanceAppearance
SpoutingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
SpoutingForming CharacteristicsFormability
AutomotiveGasketsForming CharacteristicsFormability
GasketsMechanical PropertiesDuctiltiy
GasketsPressure TightPressure Tight
RadiatorsBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
RadiatorsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
RadiatorsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RadiatorsMechanical PropertiesCreep Resistance
RadiatorsSolderabilitySolderability
Builders HardwareBall FloatsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Ball FloatsForming CharacteristicsFormability
ButtsAppearanceAppearance
ButtsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ButtsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Cotter PinsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cotter PinsMechanical PropertiesDuctiltiy
NailsAppearanceAppearance
NailsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RivetsAppearanceAppearance
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Soldering CopperSolderabilitySolderability
TacksAppearanceAppearance
TacksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BuildingScreeningAppearanceAppearance
ScreeningCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ScreeningForming CharacteristicsFormability
Wire ScreeningAppearanceAppearance
Wire ScreeningCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Wire ScreeningForming CharacteristicsFormability
ConsumerChristmas OrnamentsAppearanceAppearance
Christmas OrnamentsForming CharacteristicsFormability
ElectricalBusbarsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
BusbarsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
BusbarsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Conductors, ElectricalConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Conductors, ElectricalConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Conductors, ElectricalCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ContactsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
ContactsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
ContactsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ContactsSolderabilitySolderability
Magnet WireConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Magnet WireConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Magnet WireCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Magnet WireNon-MagneticNon-Magnetic
Radio PartsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Radio PartsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Radio PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Radio PartsSolderabilitySolderability
Stranded ConductorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Stranded ConductorsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Stranded ConductorsForming CharacteristicsFormability
SwitchesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
SwitchesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
SwitchesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
SwitchesSolderabilitySolderability
Terminal ConnectorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Terminal ConnectorsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Terminal ConnectorsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TerminalsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
TerminalsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
TerminalsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TerminalsSolderabilitySolderability
Trolley WireConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Trolley WireConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Trolley WireCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Trolley WireCorrosion ResistanceOxidation Resistance
Wire, ElectricalConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Wire, ElectricalForming CharacteristicsFormability
FastenersFastenersAppearanceAppearance
FastenersConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
IndustrialAnodesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Chemical Process EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Chemical Process EquipmentForming CharacteristicsFormability
Chemical Process EquipmentSolderabilitySolderability
Chimney Cap ScreensAppearanceAppearance
Chimney Cap ScreensCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Chlorine CellsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Chlorine CellsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat ExchangersConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heat ExchangersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
KettlesAppearanceAppearance
KettlesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
KettlesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
PansAppearanceAppearance
PansConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
PansCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pressure VesselsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Pressure VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pressure VesselsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Printing RollsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Printing RollsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Printing RollsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Road Bed Expansion PlatesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Road Bed Expansion PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Rotating BandsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Rotating BandsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
VatsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
VatsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Applicable Specifications
Form Sub-Form Specific Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description
ASTMB224Standard Classification of Coppers
BandsProjectile RotatingMILITARYMIL-B-20292BLANKS, ROTATING BAND, FOR PROJECTILES
BarASMESB133COPPER ROD AND BAR
ASTMB124/B124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
BusASTMB187/B187MCOPPER BUS BAR, ROD AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
BoltsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
Brazing Filler MetalFEDERALQQ-B-650BRAZING ALLOY, COPPER, COPPER-ZINC, AND COPPER-PHOSPHORUS
DieForgingsASTMB283/B283MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY DIE FORGINGS (HOT PRESSED)
FoilPrinted CircuitsASTMB451COPPER FOIL, STRIP AND SHEET FOR PRINTED CIRCUITS AND CARRIER TAPES
NutsASTMF467NONFERROUS NUTS FOR GENERAL USE
PipeBusASTMB188SEAMLESS COPPER BUS PIPE AND TUBE
PlateSoft AnnealAMS4500COPPER SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE, SOFT ANNEALED
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
RodASMESB133COPPER ROD AND BAR
ForgingsASTMB124/B124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
BusASTMB187/B187MCOPPER BUS BAR, ROD AND SHAPES
MILITARYMIL-C-12166COPPER ROD FOR CRUSHER CYLINDERS OR PRESSURE CYLINDERS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
ScrewsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
ShapesASTMB124/B124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
BusASTMB187/B187MCOPPER BUS BAR, ROD AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
SheetSoft AnnealAMS4500COPPER SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE, SOFT ANNEALED
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
Building ConstructionASTMB370COPPER SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Printed CircuitsASTMB451COPPER FOIL, STRIP AND SHEET FOR PRINTED CIRCUITS AND CARRIER TAPES
CladASTMB506COPPER CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
ASTMB694COPPER, COPPER ALLOY AND COPPER-CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE SHIELDING
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripSoft AnnealAMS4500COPPER SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE, SOFT ANNEALED
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB272COPPER FLAT PRODUCTS WITH FINISHED (ROLLED OR DRAWN) EDGES (FLAT WIRE AND STRIP)
Building ConstructionASTMB370COPPER SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Printed CircuitsASTMB451COPPER FOIL, STRIP AND SHEET FOR PRINTED CIRCUITS AND CARRIER TAPES
CladASTMB506COPPER CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
ASTMB694COPPER, COPPER ALLOY AND COPPER-CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE SHIELDING
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StudsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
TubeBusASTMB188SEAMLESS COPPER BUS PIPE AND TUBE
WeldedASTMB447WELDED COPPER TUBE
WireHard DrawnHard DrawnASTMB1HARD-DRAWN COPPER WIRE
TrollyASTMB116FIGURE 9 DEEP-SECTION GROOVED AND FIGURE 8 COPPER TROLLEY WIRE FOR INDUSTRIAL HAULAGE
StrandedASTMB172ROPE-LAY-STANDARD CONDUCTORS WITH BUNCH STRANDED MEMBERS
StrandedASTMB173ROPE-LAY-STRANDED CONDUCTORS WITH CONCENTRIC STRANDED MEMBERS
StrandedASTMB174BUNCH-STRANDED CONDUCTORS
Coated With Lead AlloyASTMB189LEAD-COATED AND LEAD ALLOY COATED SOFT COPPER WIRE FOR ELECTRICAL PURPOSES
Hard DrawnMedium Hard-drawn Electrical WireASTMB2MEDIUM-HARD DRAWN COPPER WIRE
StrandedASTMB226CORED, ANNULAR, CONCENTRIC-LAY-STRANDED COPPER CONDUCTORS
StrandedASTMB229CONCENTRIC-LAY-STRANDED COPPER AND COPPER-CLAD STEEL COMPOSITE CONDUCTORS
Coated With TinASTMB246TINNED HARD-DRAWN AND MEDIUM HARD-DRAWN COPPER WIRE FOR ELECTRICAL PURPOSES
FlatASTMB272COPPER FLAT PRODUCTS WITH FINISHED (ROLLED OR DRAWN) EDGES (FLAT WIRE AND STRIP)
StrandedASTMB286COPPER CONDUCTORS FOR HOOKUP WIRE IN ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Coated With SilverASTMB298SILVER-COATED SOFT OR ANNEALED COPPER WIRE
SoftSoft AnnealASTMB3SOFT OR ANNEALED COPPER WIRE
Coated With TinASTMB33TINNED SOFT OR ANNEALED COPPER WIRE FOR ELECTRICAL PURPOSES
Coated With NickelASTMB355NICKEL-COATED SOFT OR ANNEALED COPPER WIRE
TrollyASTMB47COPPER TROLLEY WIRE
StrandedASTMB470BONDED COPPER CONDUCTORS FOR USE IN HOOKUP WIRE FOR ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
SoftSoft AnnealASTMB48SOFT RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE BARE COPPER WIRE FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS
StrandedASTMB496COMPACT ROUND CONCENTRIC-LAY-STRANDED COPPER CONDUCTORS
SoftSoft AnnealASTMB738FINE-WIRE BUNCH-STRANDED AND ROPE-LAY BUNCH STRANDED COPPER CONDUCTORS FOR USE AS ELECTRICAL CONDUCT
StrandedASTMB8CONCENTRIC-LAY-STRANDED COPPER CONDUCTORS, HARD, MEDIUM-HARD OR SOFT
StrandedFEDERALQQ-B-575BRAID, WIRE (COPPER, TIN-COATED OR SILVER-COATED, TUBULAR OR FLAT)
SoftSoft AnnealFEDERALQQ-W-343WIRE, ELECTRICAL (UNINSULATED)
Hard DrawnMedium Hard-drawn Electrical WireFEDERALQQ-W-343WIRE, ELECTRICAL (UNINSULATED)
Hard DrawnHard DrawnFEDERALQQ-W-343WIRE, ELECTRICAL (UNINSULATED)
MetallizingMILITARYMIL-W-6712WIRE, METALLIZING
SoftSoft AnnealSAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SoftSoft AnnealSAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasGoodContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.