Find suppliers for this alloyC12200
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1,2)P
(1) This includes oxygen-free Cu which contains P in an amount agreed upon. (2) Cu value includes Ag.
Min (%)99.90.015
Max (%)0.040
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0242   Typ
36   Typ
14   Typ
40   Typ
84   Typ
50   Typ
26   Typ
13   Typ
0.04
1/4 HardH0138   Typ
30   Typ
35   Typ
25   Typ
70   Typ
25   Typ
0.25
H0138   Typ
30   Typ
25   Typ
25   Typ
70   Typ
36   Typ
25   Typ
0.04
1/8 HardH0036   Typ
28   Typ
30   Typ
10   Typ
60   Typ
25   Typ
25   Typ
0.04
H0036   Typ
28   Typ
40   Typ
10   Typ
60   Typ
25   Typ
0.25
As Hot RolledM2032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.25
M2034   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
23   Typ
0.04
Extra SpringH1057   Typ
53   Typ
4   Typ
62   Typ
95   Typ
64   Typ
29   Typ
0.04
HardH0450   Typ
45   Typ
6   Typ
50   Typ
90   Typ
57   Typ
28   Typ
13   Typ
0.04
H0445   Typ
40   Typ
20   Typ
45   Typ
85   Typ
26   Typ
1
H0450   Typ
45   Typ
12   Typ
50   Typ
90   Typ
28   Typ
0.25
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02534   Typ
11   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
23   Typ
11   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05032   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.25
OS05032   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
0.04
SpringH0855   Typ
50   Typ
4   Typ
60   Typ
94   Typ
63   Typ
29   Typ
14   Typ
0.04
PipeHardH0450   Typ
45   Typ
10   Typ
50   Typ
90   Typ
28   Typ
30
TubeHard DrawnH8055   Typ
50   Typ
8   Typ
60   Typ
95   Typ
63   Typ
29   Typ
19   Typ
0.06540
Light Drawn, Light Cold RolledH5540   Typ
32   Typ
25   Typ
35   Typ
77   Typ
45   Typ
26   Typ
14   Typ
0.06515
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02534   Typ
11   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
23   Typ
0.065
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05032   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
40   Typ
22   Typ
11   Typ
0.065
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1981
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.323
Specific Gravity8.94
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F85
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F196
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-21210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 212°F)9.4
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-39210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 392°F)9.5
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)9.8
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.092
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi17000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6400
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingGood
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingExcellent
Coated Metal Arc WeldingNot Recommended
Spot WeldNot Recommended
Seam WeldNot Recommended
Butt WeldGood
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedExcellent
Forgeability Rating65
Machinability Rating20
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Coining
  • Coppersmithing
  • Drawing
  • Etching
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Hot Forging and Pressing
  • Piercing and Punching
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Shearing
  • Spinning
  • Squeezing and Swaging
  • Stamping
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum* Value*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing7501200
Hot Working Temp1400
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ArchitectureDownspoutsAppearanceAppearance
DownspoutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
DownspoutsForming CharacteristicsFormability
FlashingAppearanceAppearance
FlashingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FlashingForming CharacteristicsFormability
GuttersAppearanceAppearance
GuttersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
GuttersForming CharacteristicsFormability
RoofingAppearanceAppearance
RoofingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RoofingForming CharacteristicsFormability
AutomotiveAir LinesPressure TightPressure Tight
Air LinesSolderabilitySolderability
Hydraulic LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Hydraulic LinesPressure TightPressure Tight
Hydraulic LinesSolderabilitySolderability
Oil LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Oil LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Oil LinesPressure TightPressure Tight
BuildingAir Conditioner Tubes and Condenser SheetsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Air Conditioner Tubes and Condenser SheetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Air Conditioner Tubes and Condenser SheetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Air Conditioner Tubes and Condenser SheetsSolderabilitySolderability
Gas LinesPressure TightPressure Tight
Gas LinesSolderabilitySolderability
Heater LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heater LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heater UnitsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heater UnitsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Burner TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Burner TubesPressure TightPressure Tight
Oil Burner TubesSolderabilitySolderability
ConsumerAir ConditionersBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Air ConditionersConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Air ConditionersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Air ConditionersPressure TightPressure Tight
RefrigeratorsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
RefrigeratorsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RefrigeratorsForming CharacteristicsFormability
RefrigeratorsPressure TightPressure Tight
RefrigeratorsSolderabilitySolderability
ElectricalHeater ElementsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Heater ElementsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heater ElementsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Wire ConnectorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Wire ConnectorsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Wire ConnectorsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
IndustrialAir Lines in AirplanesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Air Lines in AirplanesPressure TightPressure Tight
Air Lines in AirplanesSolderabilitySolderability
Anodes for ElectroplatingConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Anodes for ElectroplatingConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Brewery TubesAppearanceAppearance
Brewery TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Brewery TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Casting MoldsBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Casting MoldsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Casting MoldsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Casting MoldsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Condenser TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Condenser TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Condenser TubesSolderabilitySolderability
Dairy TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Dairy TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Dairy TubesSolderabilitySolderability
Distiller TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Distiller TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Distiller TubesSolderabilitySolderability
Evaporator TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Evaporator TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Expansion Joint TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Expansion Joint TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Expansion Joint TubesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Expansion Joint TubesPressure TightPressure Tight
Expansion Joint TubesSolderabilitySolderability
Gage LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Gage LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Gage LinesSolderabilitySolderability
Gasoline Lines in AirplanesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Gasoline Lines in AirplanesSolderabilitySolderability
Heat Exchanger ShellsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heat Exchanger ShellsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat Exchanger ShellsPressure TightPressure Tight
Heat Exchanger TubesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heat Exchanger TubesPressure TightPressure Tight
Hydraulic Lines in AirplanesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Hydraulic Lines in AirplanesPressure TightPressure Tight
Hydraulic Lines in AirplanesSolderabilitySolderability
KettlesAppearanceAppearance
KettlesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
KettlesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Coolers in AirplanesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Oil Coolers in AirplanesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Coolers in AirplanesPressure TightPressure Tight
Oil Lines in AirplanesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Oil Lines in AirplanesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Lines in AirplanesPressure TightPressure Tight
Paper LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Paper LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Paper RollsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Paper RollsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plating AnodesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Plating AnodesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plating AnodesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Chemicals
Plating AnodesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Plating AnodesPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Plating HangersConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Plating HangersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Chemicals
Plating RacksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plating RacksMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Plating RacksPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Plumbing TubeConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Plumbing TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plumbing TubeForming CharacteristicsFormability
Plumbing TubeWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Print RollsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Print RollsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pulp LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Pulp LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Rotating BandsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Rotating BandsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Steam LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Steam LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Steam LinesCreep PropertiesCreep Resistant
Steam LinesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Steam LinesPressure TightPressure Tight
Sugar House Refinery LinesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Sugar House Refinery LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Tubing, LP Gas Service
Tubing, Medical Gas- Oxygen
Water LinesBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Water LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Water LinesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Water LinesSolderabilitySolderability
MarineGasoline LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Gasoline LinesPressure TightPressure Tight
Gasoline LinesSolderabilitySolderability
Oil CoolersConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Oil CoolersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil CoolersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
PlumbingPlumbing FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plumbing FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Hydrogen Embrittlememt
Plumbing FittingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Plumbing FittingsSolderabilitySolderability
Plumbing PipeBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Plumbing PipeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plumbing PipeForming CharacteristicsFormability
Plumbing PipeSolderabilitySolderability
Applicable Specifications
Form Sub-Form Specific Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description
ASTMB224Standard Classification of Coppers
ASTMB577Detection of Cuperous Oxide (Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility) in Copper
BandsProjectile RotatingMILITARYMIL-B-18907BANDS, PROJECTILE ROTATING
Projectile RotatingMILITARYMIL-B-20292BLANKS, ROTATING BAND, FOR PROJECTILES
BarASMESB133COPPER ROD AND BAR
ASMESB152COPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE, AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB187/B187MCOPPER BUS BAR, ROD AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
Brazing Filler MetalFEDERALQQ-B-650BRAZING ALLOY, COPPER, COPPER-ZINC, AND COPPER-PHOSPHORUS
Condenser & Heat Exchanger Tube with Integral FinsWeldedASTMB956/B956MWELDED COPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
FittingASMEB16.22WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SOLDER-JOINT PRESSURE FITTINGS
ASMEB16.29WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SOLDER-JOINT DRAINAGE FITTINGS
Heat Exchanger TubeASTMB903COPPER HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE WITH INTERNAL ENHACEMENT
WeldedASTMB919Welded Coper Heat Exchanger Tube with Internal Enhancment
NipplesASTMB687BRASS, COPPER AND CHROMIUM PLATED PIPE NIPPLES
PipeASMESB42SEAMLESS COPPER PIPE, STANDARD SIZES
Threadless(Seamless)ASTMB302THREADLESS COPPER PIPE
ASTMB42SEAMLESS COPPER PIPE, STANDARD SIZES
ASTMB698COPPER, COPPER ALLOY PLUMBING PIPE AND TUBE
PlateASMESB152COPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE, AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
CladASTMB432COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY CLAD STEEL PLATE
Refinery ShapesASTMB379PHOSPHORIZED COPPERS-REFINERY SHAPES
ASTMB5HIGH CONDUCTIVITY TOUGH-PITCH COPPER REFINERY SHAPES
RodASMESB133COPPER ROD AND BAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
ShapesASTMB187/B187MCOPPER BUS BAR, ROD AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
SheetASMESB152COPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE, AND ROLLED BAR
Lead CoatedASTMB101LEAD-COATED COPPER SHEET
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
Building ConstructionASTMB370COPPER SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
CladASTMB506COPPER CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripASMESB152COPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE, AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB152/B152MCOPPER SHEET, STRIP, PLATE AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB272COPPER FLAT PRODUCTS WITH FINISHED (ROLLED OR DRAWN) EDGES (FLAT WIRE AND STRIP)
Building ConstructionASTMB370COPPER SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
CladASTMB506COPPER CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
TubeCondenser TubeASMESB111COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES & FERRULE STOCK
FinnedASMESB359COPPER & COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER & HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
U-BendASMESB395U-BEND SEAMLESS COPPER & COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER & CONDENSER TUBE
WeldedASMESB543WELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY TUBE
SeamlessASMESB75SEAMLESS COPPER TUBE
Condenser TubeASTMB111/B111MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES AND FERRULE STOCK
For Air Conditioning And Refrigeration Field ServiASTMB280SEAMLESS COPPER TUBE FOR AIR CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION FIELD SERVICE
Drainage (DWV)ASTMB306COPPER DRAINAGE TUBE (DWV)
FinnedASTMB359/B359MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
CapillaryASTMB360HARD-DRAWN COPPER CAPILLARY TUBE FOR RESTRICTOR APPLICATIONS
U-BendASTMB395/B395MU-BEND SEAMLESS COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER AND CONDENSER TUBES
WeldedASTMB447WELDED COPPER TUBE
WeldedASTMB543/B543MWELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE
For Air Conditioning And Refrigeration Field ServiASTMB640WELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY TUBE FOR AIR CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION SERVICE
WeldedASTMB641SEAMLESS AND WELDED COPPER DISTRIBUTION TUBE (TYPE D)
SeamlessASTMB641SEAMLESS AND WELDED COPPER DISTRIBUTION TUBE (TYPE D)
SeamlessAnnealed Tempers, OBright AnnealedASTMB68/B68MSEAMLESS COPPER TUBE, BRIGHT ANNEALED
ASTMB698COPPER, COPPER ALLOY PLUMBING PIPE AND TUBE
WeldedASTMB716WELDED COPPER WATER TUBE
ASTMB743SEAMLESS COPPER TUBE IN COILS
SeamlessASTMB75/B75MSEAMLESS COPPER TUBE
FinnedMILITARYMIL-T-22214TUBE, CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER WITH INTEGRAL FINS
SeamlessMILITARYMIL-T-24107TUBE, COPPER, SEAMLESS
SeamlessMILITARYMIL-T-3235TUBE, COPPER, SEAMLESS (FOR TORPEDO USE)
SeamlessSAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
For Air Conditioning And Refrigeration Field ServiSAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
For Air Conditioning And Refrigeration Field ServiSAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
SeamlessSAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
Tube for Gas TransmissionSeamlessASTMB837SEAMLESS COPPER TUBE FOR NATURAL GAS AND LIQUIFIED PETROLEUM (LP) GAS FUEL DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
Tube, Stainless for Medical Gas ASTMB819SEAMLESS COPPER TUBE FOR MEDICAL GAS SYSTEMS
Tube, waterSeamlessWaterASTMB88SEAMLESS COPPER WATER TUBE
ASTMB88MSEAMLESS COPPER WATER TUBE (METRIC)
WireFlatASTMB272COPPER FLAT PRODUCTS WITH FINISHED (ROLLED OR DRAWN) EDGES (FLAT WIRE AND STRIP)
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasGoodContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.