Find suppliers for this alloyC22000
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1)PbZnFe
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.8% min.
Min (%)89.0
Max (%)91.00.05Rem0.05
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Ultimate Tensile Strength in Shear
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0252   Typ
45   Typ
11   Typ
58   Typ
56   Typ
35   Typ
0.04
H0252   Typ
45   Typ
15   Typ
58   Typ
35   Typ
0.25
1/4 HardH0145   Typ
35   Typ
25   Typ
42   Typ
44   Typ
33   Typ
0.04
As Hot RolledM2037   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
53   Typ
28   Typ
0.25
M2039   Typ
14   Typ
44   Typ
60   Typ
31   Typ
0.04
Extra HardH0667   Typ
58   Typ
4   Typ
75   Typ
67   Typ
40   Typ
0.04
HardH0461   Typ
54   Typ
5   Typ
70   Typ
63   Typ
38   Typ
23   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01541   Typ
15   Typ
42   Typ
65   Typ
26   Typ
32   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02539   Typ
14   Typ
44   Typ
60   Typ
16   Typ
31   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03538   Typ
12   Typ
50   Typ
57   Typ
30   Typ
0.25
OS03538   Typ
12   Typ
45   Typ
57   Typ
12   Typ
30   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05037   Typ
10   Typ
45   Typ
53   Typ
6   Typ
28   Typ
0.04
SpringH0872   Typ
62   Typ
3   Typ
78   Typ
69   Typ
42   Typ
21   Typ
0.04
Rod1/8 HardH0045   Typ
25   Typ
42   Typ
33   Typ
0.5
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03540   Typ
50   Typ
55   Typ
32   Typ
0.5
TubeHard DrawnH8060   Typ
53   Typ
6   Typ
69   Typ
62   Typ
35
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03538   Typ
12   Typ
50   Typ
57   Typ
12   Typ
Wire1/2 HardH0260   Typ
6   Typ
37   Typ
0.08
1/4 HardH0150   Typ
13   Typ
34   Typ
0.08
1/8 HardH0044   Typ
27   Typ
33   Typ
0.08
Extra HardH0683   Typ
3   Typ
0.08
HardH0474   Typ
4   Typ
42   Typ
6.4   Typ
23   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01542   Typ
48   Typ
32   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03540   Typ
50   Typ
30   Typ
0.08
SpringH0890   Typ
3   Typ
0.08
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1910
Melting Point - Solidus°F1870
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.318
Specific Gravity8.8
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F44
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F109
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)10.2
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi17000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6400
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingGood
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingGood
Coated Metal Arc WeldingNot Recommended
Spot WeldNot Recommended
Seam WeldNot Recommended
Butt WeldGood
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedGood
Machinability Rating20
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Coining
  • Drawing
  • Etching
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Hot Forging and Pressing
  • Piercing and Punching
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Shearing
  • Spinning
  • Squeezing and Swaging
  • Stamping
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing8001450
Hot Treatment14001600
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ArchitectureEtching BronzeAppearanceAppearance
Etching BronzeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Etching BronzeMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Grill WorkAppearanceAppearance
Grill WorkCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Grill WorkForming CharacteristicsFormability
Grill WorkMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Ornamental TrimAppearanceAppearance
Ornamental TrimAppearanceColor
Ornamental TrimCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Ornamental TrimForming CharacteristicsFormability
Ornamental TrimMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Screen ClothCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screen ClothForming CharacteristicsFormability
Screen ClothMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Weather StrippingAppearanceAppearance
Weather StrippingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Weather StrippingForming CharacteristicsFormability
Weather StrippingMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Builders HardwareHardwareAppearanceAppearance
HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
HardwareForming CharacteristicsFormability
HardwareMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Kick PlatesAppearanceAppearance
Kick PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ConsumerBall Point PensAppearanceAppearance
Ball Point PensCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Ball Point PensDrawing CharacteristicsDrawability
Ball Point PensForming CharacteristicsFormability
Ball Point PensPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
CasketsAppearanceAppearance
CasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
CasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
CasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
CasketsForming CharacteristicsFormability
CasketsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Chain LinksAppearanceAppearance
Chain LinksMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
CompactsAppearanceAppearance
CompactsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
CompactsForming CharacteristicsFormability
CompactsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
CompactsPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Costume JewelryAppearanceAppearance
Costume JewelryCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Costume JewelryForming CharacteristicsFormability
Costume JewelryMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Costume JewelryPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Housing for Lipstick CompactsAppearanceAppearance
Housing for Lipstick CompactsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Housing for Lipstick CompactsDrawing CharacteristicsDrawability
Housing for Lipstick CompactsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Housing for Lipstick CompactsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Housing for Lipstick CompactsPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Lipstick CasesAppearanceAppearance
Lipstick CasesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Lipstick CasesDrawing CharacteristicsDrawability
Lipstick CasesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Lipstick CasesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Lipstick CasesPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
ElectricalCable WrapConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Cable WrapConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Cable WrapCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cable WrapForming CharacteristicsFormability
Cable WrapMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Rotor Bar - AC MotorsBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Rotor Bar - AC MotorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Resistivity - 45 % IACS
Wave GuidesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Wave GuidesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Wave GuidesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Wave GuidesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Wave GuidesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
FastenersBoltsAppearanceAppearance
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BoltsForming CharacteristicsFormability
BoltsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Line ClampsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Line ClampsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Line ClampsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RivetsAppearanceAppearance
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RivetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
RivetsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Screw ShellsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screw ShellsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Screw ShellsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ScrewsForming CharacteristicsFormability
ScrewsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
IndustrialBase for Vitreous EnamelCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Base for Vitreous EnamelForming CharacteristicsFormability
Base for Vitreous EnamelMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Base for Vitreous EnamelPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
EscutcheonsAppearanceAppearance
EscutcheonsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
EscutcheonsForming CharacteristicsFormability
EscutcheonsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Flexible TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Flexible TubeForming CharacteristicsFormability
Flexible TubeMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Screen WireAppearanceAppearance
Screen WireCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screen WireMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
StudsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
StudsForming CharacteristicsFormability
StudsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
MarineMarine HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Marine HardwareForming CharacteristicsFormability
Marine HardwareMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Marine HardwarePlating CharacteristicsPlateable
OrdnanceArtillery Projectile Rotating Bands, Press FitCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Artillery Projectile Rotating Bands, Press FitFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
Primer CapsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Primer CapsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Primer CapsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Rotating BandsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Rotating BandsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Rotating BandsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Small Arms CartridgesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Small Arms CartridgesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Small Arms CartridgesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
PlumbingPlumbers' Brass GoodsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Plumbers' Brass GoodsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Plumbers' Brass GoodsPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Applicable Specifications
Form Specific Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
BandsProjectile RotatingMILITARYMIL-B-18907BANDS, PROJECTILE ROTATING
Projectile RotatingMILITARYMIL-B-20292BLANKS, ROTATING BAND, FOR PROJECTILES
BarASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
CupsASTMB131COPPER ALLOY BULLET JACKET CUPS
MILITARYMIL-C-3383CUPS, BULLET-JACKET, COPPER ALLOY, FOR SMALL ARMS AMMUNITION
PlateASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
Rod, Bar & ShapesASTMB927/B927MBRASS ROD, BAR, AND SHAPES
Seamless tubeASTMB135MSeamless Brass Tube (Metric)
SheetASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB694COPPER, COPPER ALLOY AND COPPER-CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE SHIELDING
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripASTMB130COMMERCIAL BRONZE STRIP FOR BULLET JACKETS
ASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB694COPPER, COPPER ALLOY AND COPPER-CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE SHIELDING
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
TubeASTMB135Tube, Seamless
Rectangular WaveguideASTMB372SEAMLESS COPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY RECTANGULAR WAVEGUIDE TUBE
WeldedASTMB587WELDED BRASS TUBE
Rectangular WaveguideMILITARYMIL-W-85WAVEGUIDES, RIGID, RECTANGULAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
WireASTMB134/B134MBRASS WIRE
MetallizingMILITARYMIL-W-6712WIRE, METALLIZING
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.