Find suppliers for this alloyC23000
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1)PbZnFe
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.8% min.
Min (%)84.0
Max (%)86.00.05Rem0.05
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0257   Typ
49   Typ
12   Typ
65   Typ
60   Typ
37   Typ
0.04
1/4 HardH0149   Typ
45   Typ
48   Typ
1/8 HardH0043   Typ
16   Typ
44   Typ
66   Typ
28   Typ
32   Typ
0.04
As Hot RolledM2042   Typ
Extra HardH0678   Typ
61   Typ
4   Typ
83   Typ
72   Typ
44   Typ
0.04
HardH0470   Typ
57   Typ
5   Typ
77   Typ
68   Typ
42   Typ
6.4   Typ
20   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01545   Typ
18   Typ
42   Typ
71   Typ
38   Typ
33   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02543   Typ
16   Typ
44   Typ
66   Typ
28   Typ
32   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03541   Typ
14   Typ
46   Typ
63   Typ
22   Typ
31   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05040   Typ
12   Typ
47   Typ
59   Typ
14   Typ
31   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.070 mmOS07039   Typ
10   Typ
48   Typ
56   Typ
10   Typ
31   Typ
0.04
SpringH0884   Typ
63   Typ
3   Typ
86   Typ
74   Typ
46   Typ
0.04
PipeNominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01544   Typ
18   Typ
45   Typ
71   Typ
TubeHard DrawnH8070   Typ
58   Typ
8   Typ
77   Typ
68   Typ
0.06535
Light Drawn, Light Cold RolledH5550   Typ
40   Typ
30   Typ
55   Typ
54   Typ
0.06515
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01544   Typ
18   Typ
45   Typ
71   Typ
38   Typ
0.065
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05040   Typ
12   Typ
55   Typ
60   Typ
15   Typ
0.065
Wire1/2 HardH0272   Typ
8   Typ
43   Typ
0.08
1/4 HardH0159   Typ
11   Typ
38   Typ
0.08
1/8 HardH0050   Typ
25   Typ
35   Typ
20   Typ
0.08
HardH0488   Typ
6   Typ
48   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01545   Typ
33   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02543   Typ
32   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03541   Typ
48   Typ
31   Typ
0.08
SpringH08105   Typ
54   Typ
0.08
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1880
Melting Point - Solidus°F1810
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.316
Specific Gravity8.75
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F37
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F92
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)10.4
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi17000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6400
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingGood
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingGood
Coated Metal Arc WeldingNot Recommended
Spot WeldFair
Seam WeldNot Recommended
Butt WeldGood
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedGood
Machinability Rating30
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Coining
  • Drawing
  • Etching
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Piercing and Punching
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Shearing
  • Spinning
  • Squeezing and Swaging
  • Stamping
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing8001350
Hot Treatment14501650
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ArchitectureEtching PartsAppearanceAppearance
Etching PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Etching PartsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
TrimAppearanceAppearance
TrimCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TrimMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Weather StripCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Weather StripCorrosion ResistanceStress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
Weather StripMechanical PropertiesRetention of Spring Properties
Builders HardwareKick PlatesAppearanceAppearance
Kick PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Kick PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Kick PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Kick PlatesCorrosion ResistanceDezincification Resistance
Kick PlatesForming CharacteristicsCoinability
Kick PlatesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Kick PlatesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Kick PlatesPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
ConsumerBadgesAppearanceAppearance
BadgesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BadgesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
BadgesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
BadgesCorrosion ResistanceDezincification Resistance
BadgesForming CharacteristicsCoinability
BadgesForming CharacteristicsFormability
BadgesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
BadgesPlating CharacteristicsPlatability
CoinageAppearanceAppearance
CoinageCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
CoinageForming CharacteristicsCoinability
CoinageMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
CoinagePlating CharacteristicsPlateable
CompactsAppearanceAppearance
CompactsAppearanceColor
CompactsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
CompactsForming CharacteristicsFormability
CompactsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Costume JewelryAppearanceGold Color
Costume JewelryForming CharacteristicsFormability
DialsAppearanceAppearance
DialsAppearanceColor
DialsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
DialsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Fire Extinguisher CasesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Fire Extinguisher CasesCorrosion ResistanceStress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
Fire Extinguisher CasesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Fire Extinguisher CasesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Lipstick ContainersAppearanceAppearance
Lipstick ContainersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Lipstick ContainersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Lipstick ContainersMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
MedallionsAppearanceAppearance
MedallionsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
MedallionsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Sea Water
MedallionsCorrosion ResistanceDezincification Resistance
MedallionsForming CharacteristicsCoinability
MedallionsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
MedallionsPlating CharacteristicsPlatability
NameplatesAppearanceAppearance
NameplatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
NameplatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
NameplatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
NameplatesCorrosion ResistanceDezincification Resistance
NameplatesForming CharacteristicsCoinability
NameplatesForming CharacteristicsFormability
NameplatesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
NameplatesPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
PlaquesAppearanceAppearance
PlaquesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
PlaquesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
PlaquesCorrosion ResistanceDezincification Resistance
PlaquesForming CharacteristicsCoinability
PlaquesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
PlaquesPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Rouge BoxesAppearanceAppearance
Rouge BoxesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Rouge BoxesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Rouge BoxesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
TokensAppearanceAppearance
TokensCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TokensForming CharacteristicsCoinability
TokensMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
TokensPlating CharacteristicsPlateable
ZippersAppearanceAppearance
ZippersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ZippersForming CharacteristicsCold Workability
ElectricalConduitConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
ConduitConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
ConduitForming CharacteristicsFormability
ConduitMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Rotor Bars, AC MotorsBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Rotor Bars, AC MotorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Resistivity - 37 % IACS
Screw ShellsAppearanceAppearance
Screw ShellsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screw ShellsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Screw ShellsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
SocketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
SocketsForming CharacteristicsFormability
SocketsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
FastenersEyeletsAppearanceAppearance
EyeletsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
EyeletsForming CharacteristicsFormability
EyeletsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
FastenersAppearanceAppearance
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FastenersForming CharacteristicsFormability
FastenersMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
IndustrialCondenser TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Condenser TubesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Condenser TubesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Condenser TubesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Fire ExtinguishersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Fire ExtinguishersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Fire ExtinguishersMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Flexible Metal HoseCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Flexible Metal HoseCorrosion ResistanceStress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
Flexible Metal HoseForming CharacteristicsFormability
Flexible Metal HoseMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Heat Exchanger ShellsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heat Exchanger ShellsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat Exchanger ShellsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Heat Exchanger ShellsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Heat ExchangersBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Heat ExchangersConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heat ExchangersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat ExchangersSolderabilitySolderability
Pickling CratesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pickling CratesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
Pickling CratesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Pickling CratesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pump Cylinder LinersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pump Cylinder LinersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Pump Cylinder LinersMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Radiator CoresCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Radiator CoresMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
TagsAppearanceAppearance
TagsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TagsForming CharacteristicsFormability
TagsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Tubing for Heat ExchangersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Tubing for Heat ExchangersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Tubing for Heat ExchangersMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Tubing for Heat ExchangersWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Tubing for InstrumentationCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Tubing for InstrumentationForming CharacteristicsFormability
Tubing for InstrumentationMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Tubing for InstrumentationWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
OtherFire Hose CouplingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Fire Hose CouplingsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
PlumbingFittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FittingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
FittingsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
J-BendsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
J-BendsForming CharacteristicsFormability
J-BendsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
J-BendsSolderabilitySolderability
PipeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
PipeForming CharacteristicsFormability
PipeMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pipe NipplesAppearanceAppearance
Pipe NipplesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pipe NipplesMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Pipe Service LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pipe Service LinesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Pipe Service LinesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pipe Service LinesSolderabilitySolderability
Pump LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pump LinesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Pump LinesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Service LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Service LinesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Service LinesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
TrapsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TrapsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Applicable Specifications
Form Sub-Form Specific Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
BarASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
Condenser & Heat Exchanger Tube with Integral FinsWeldedASTMB956/B956MWELDED COPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
FittingASMEB16.22WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SOLDER-JOINT PRESSURE FITTINGS
ASMEB16.29WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SOLDER-JOINT DRAINAGE FITTINGS
NipplesASTMB687BRASS, COPPER AND CHROMIUM PLATED PIPE NIPPLES
PipeASMESB43SEAMLESS RED BRASS PIPE, STANDARD SIZES
ASTMB43SEAMLESS RED BRASS PIPE, STANDARD SIZES
ASTMB698COPPER, COPPER ALLOY PLUMBING PIPE AND TUBE
PlateASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
Rod, Bar & ShapesASTMB927/B927MBRASS ROD, BAR, AND SHAPES
Seamless tubeASTMB135MSeamless Brass Tube (Metric)
SheetASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
Sheet & StripCopper Clad Stainless ASTMB694COPPER, COPPER ALLOY AND COPPER-CLAD STAINLESS STEEL SHEET AND STRIP FOR ELECTRICAL CABLE SHIELDING
StripASTMB36/B36MBRASS PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
Electric Connector & Spring ContactASTMB888/B88MCOPPER ALLOY STRIP FOR USE IN MANUFACTURE OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS OR SPRING CONTACTS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
TubeSeamlessAMS4553BRASS TUBING, SEAMLESS, SOFT ANNEALED
Condenser TubeASMESB111COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES & FERRULE STOCK
SeamlessASMESB135SEAMLESS BRASS TUBE
FinnedASMESB359COPPER & COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER & HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
U-BendASMESB395U-BEND SEAMLESS COPPER & COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER & CONDENSER TUBE
WeldedASMESB543WELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY TUBE
Condenser TubeASTMB111/B111MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES AND FERRULE STOCK
SeamlessASTMB135Tube, Seamless
FinnedASTMB359/B359MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
U-BendASTMB395/B395MU-BEND SEAMLESS COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER AND CONDENSER TUBES
WeldedASTMB543/B543MWELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE
ASTMB569 BRASS STRIP IN NARROW WIDTHS AND LIGHT GAGE FOR HEAT EXCHANGER TUBING
WeldedASTMB587WELDED BRASS TUBE
ASTMB698COPPER, COPPER ALLOY PLUMBING PIPE AND TUBE
SeamlessFEDERALWW-T-791TUBING: BRASS, SEAMLESS
SeamlessMILITARYMIL-T-20168TUBES, RED BRASS, SEAMLESS
SeamlessSAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SeamlessSAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
WireASTMB134/B134MBRASS WIRE
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.