Find suppliers for this alloyC46400
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1)PbSnZnFe
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.6% min.
Min (%)59.00.50
Max (%)62.00.201.0Rem0.10
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Izod
(ft-lbs)
Reduction of Area
(%)
Ultimate Tensile Strength in Shear
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/4 HardH0170   Typ
58   Typ
17   Typ
75   Typ
68   Typ
43   Typ
0.04
As Hot RolledM2055   Typ
25   Typ
50   Typ
55   Typ
55   Typ
40   Typ
1
Light AnnealO5060   Typ
28   Typ
45   Typ
58   Typ
56   Typ
41   Typ
0.25
O5062   Typ
30   Typ
40   Typ
60   Typ
57   Typ
41   Typ
0.04
Soft AnnealO6058   Typ
25   Typ
49   Typ
56   Typ
55   Typ
40   Typ
0.25
Flat Products & RodSoft AnnealO6058   Typ
25   Typ
49   Typ
40   Typ
0.24
O6056   Typ
25   Typ
47   Typ
60   Typ
40   Typ
2
O6057   Typ
25   Typ
47   Typ
60   Typ
40   Typ
1
O6058   Typ
27   Typ
45   Typ
60   Typ
40   Typ
0.24
Flat Products, Rod & Bar1/4 HardH0169   Typ
46   Typ
27   Typ
50   Typ
43   Typ
18
H0167   Typ
40   Typ
35   Typ
50   Typ
43   Typ
28
H0170   Typ
48   Typ
25   Typ
50   Typ
43   Typ
0.2410
H0170   Typ
58   Typ
17   Typ
43   Typ
0.04
Light AnnealO5062   Typ
30   Typ
40   Typ
41   Typ
0.04
O5063   Typ
30   Typ
40   Typ
55   Typ
42   Typ
0.24
O5060   Typ
28   Typ
45   Typ
41   Typ
0.24
O5062   Typ
28   Typ
43   Typ
55   Typ
42   Typ
2
O5063   Typ
30   Typ
40   Typ
55   Typ
42   Typ
1
Rod1/2 HardH0275   Typ
53   Typ
20   Typ
82   Typ
44   Typ
120
H0280   Typ
57   Typ
20   Typ
85   Typ
45   Typ
0.2520
1/4 HardH0170   Typ
48   Typ
25   Typ
80   Typ
43   Typ
0.2510
H0169   Typ
46   Typ
27   Typ
78   Typ
43   Typ
18
H0167   Typ
40   Typ
35   Typ
75   Typ
43   Typ
5.7   Typ
32   Typ
28
Light AnnealO5063   Typ
30   Typ
40   Typ
60   Typ
42   Typ
1
O5062   Typ
28   Typ
43   Typ
60   Typ
42   Typ
2
O5063   Typ
30   Typ
40   Typ
60   Typ
42   Typ
0.25
Soft AnnealO6058   Typ
27   Typ
45   Typ
56   Typ
40   Typ
0.25
O6056   Typ
25   Typ
47   Typ
55   Typ
40   Typ
2
O6057   Typ
25   Typ
47   Typ
55   Typ
40   Typ
1
Rod & Bar1/2 HardH0275   Typ
53   Typ
20   Typ
45   Typ
44   Typ
120
H0280   Typ
57   Typ
20   Typ
45   Typ
45   Typ
0.2420
TubeHard DrawnH8088   Typ
66   Typ
18   Typ
95   Typ
35
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C).
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1650
Melting Point - Solidus°F1630
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.304
Specific Gravity8.41
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F26
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F67
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)11.8
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi15000
Modulus of Rigidityksi5600
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingGood
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingFair
Coated Metal Arc WeldingNot Recommended
Spot WeldGood
Seam WeldFair
Butt WeldGood
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedFair
Capacity for Being Hot FormedExcellent
Forgeability Rating90
Machinability Rating30
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Drawing
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Hot Forging and Pressing
  • hot heading and upsetting
  • Shearing
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing8001100
Hot Treatment12001500
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
Builders HardwareLock PinsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Lock PinsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Lock PinsMechanical PropertiesStrength
ElectricalPrecision Shipboard EquipmentConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Precision Shipboard EquipmentConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Precision Shipboard EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Precision Shipboard EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Precision Shipboard EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Precision Shipboard EquipmentForming CharacteristicsFormability
Precision Shipboard EquipmentMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
FastenersBoltsAppearanceAppearance
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BoltsForming CharacteristicsFormability
BoltsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
BoltsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
NutsAppearanceAppearance
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
NutsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
RivetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
RivetsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
IndustrialAircraft Turn buckle BarrelsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Aircraft Turn buckle BarrelsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Aircraft Turn buckle BarrelsFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
Aircraft Turn buckle BarrelsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Aircraft Turn buckle BarrelsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Aircraft Turn buckle BarrelsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
BallsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
BallsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BallsForming CharacteristicsFormability
BallsFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
BallsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
BallsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
BallsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
BearingsAdhesion CharacteristicsRubber Adhesion
BearingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BearingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
BearingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
BearingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Characteristics
BearingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
BearingsMachining CharacteristicsMachinability
BearingsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
BushingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BushingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
BushingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
BushingsFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
BushingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
BushingsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Condenser PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Condenser PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Condenser PlatesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Condenser PlatesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Dies, Golf Ball ProductionCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Dies, Golf Ball ProductionFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Dies, Golf Ball ProductionMechanical PropertiesStrength
Heat Exchanger TubeConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat Exchanger TubeMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Hub ConesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Hub ConesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Hub ConesFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Hub ConesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pressure VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pressure VesselsCorrosion ResistanceStress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
Structural UsesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Structural UsesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Structural UsesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Structural UsesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Valve StemsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Valve StemsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Valve StemsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Valve StemsFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
Valve StemsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Valve StemsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Valve StemsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Welding RodConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Welding RodConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Welding RodCorrosion ResistanceOxidation Resistance
Welding RodSoftening ResistanceResistance to Thermal Softening
MarineDecorative FittingsAppearanceAppearance
Decorative FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Decorative FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Decorative FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Decorative FittingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Decorative FittingsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Marine HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Marine HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Marine HardwareForming CharacteristicsFormability
Marine HardwarePlating CharacteristicsPlateable
Propeller ShaftsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Propeller ShaftsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Propeller ShaftsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Propeller ShaftsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Propeller ShaftsFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
Propeller ShaftsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Propeller ShaftsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Propeller ShaftsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
ShaftingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ShaftingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
ShaftingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
ShaftingForming CharacteristicsFormability
ShaftingFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
ShaftingMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
ShaftingMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Turn bucklesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Turn bucklesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Turn bucklesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Turn bucklesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Turn bucklesFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Turn bucklesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
OrdnanceMissile ComponentsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Missile ComponentsMechanical PropertiesStrength
OtherBaffle Plates and FlangesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
PlumbingFittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
FittingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
FittingsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Applicable Specifications
Form Sub-Form Specific Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
BarAMS4611BRASS BARS AND RODS, NAVAL, HALF-HARD
AMS4612BRASS BARS AND RODS, NAVAL, HARD TEMPER
ForgingsASTMB124/B124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB21/B21MNAVAL BRASS ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
FEDERALQQ-B-639BRASS, NAVAL, FLAT PRODUCTS (PLATE, BAR, SHEET AND STRIP)
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
BoltsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
DieForgingsASTMB283/B283MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY DIE FORGINGS (HOT PRESSED)
NutsASTMF467NONFERROUS NUTS FOR GENERAL USE
PlateCondenser TubeASMESB171COPPER ALLOY CONDENSER TUBE PLATES
Condenser TubeASTMB171/B171MCOPPER ALLOY CONDENSER TUBE PLATES
CladASTMB432COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY CLAD STEEL PLATE
FEDERALQQ-B-639BRASS, NAVAL, FLAT PRODUCTS (PLATE, BAR, SHEET AND STRIP)
RodAMS4611BRASS BARS AND RODS, NAVAL, HALF-HARD
AMS4612BRASS BARS AND RODS, NAVAL, HARD TEMPER
ForgingsASTMB124/B124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB21/B21MNAVAL BRASS ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
ScrewsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
ShapesForgingsASTMB124/B124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB21/B21MNAVAL BRASS ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SheetFEDERALQQ-B-639BRASS, NAVAL, FLAT PRODUCTS (PLATE, BAR, SHEET AND STRIP)
StripFEDERALQQ-B-639BRASS, NAVAL, FLAT PRODUCTS (PLATE, BAR, SHEET AND STRIP)
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StudsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
WireMetallizingMILITARYMIL-W-6712WIRE, METALLIZING
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessPoorSevere dezincification
Calcium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium BicarbonateFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium CarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium PhosphateGood
Sodium SilicateGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium SulfideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialGoodAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing. Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and ammonia may cause stress corrosion cracking.
Atmosphere, MarineGoodProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina. Sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and ammonia may cause stress corrosion cracking.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentSusceptible to dezincification.
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistPoorSevere dezincification
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Fatty acidOleic AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Palmitic AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Stearic AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Food/beverageBeerGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Beet Sugar SyrupsGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Cane Sugar SyrupsGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Carbonated BeveragesFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Carbonated WaterFairSusceptible to dezincification.
CiderFairSusceptible to dezincification.
CoffeeExcellentSusceptible to dezincification.
Corn OilGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Cottonseed OilGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Fruit JuicesPoorSusceptible to dezincification.
GelatineExcellentSusceptible to dezincification.
MilkGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Sugar SolutionsGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
VinegarPoorSusceptible to dezincification.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetyleneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteGoodContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilFairCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilGoodContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineGoodContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidPoorIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidPoorGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidPoorGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidPoorGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidPoorIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidPoorNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidPoorIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Soap SolutionsGoodDezincification may occur.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumPoor
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChloridePoorSevere dezincification
Aluminum SulfatePoorSusceptible to dezincification.
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfatePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChloridePoorSevere dezincification
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Calcium ChlorideFairSevere dezincification
Carbon DisulfideExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Magnesium ChloridePoorSevere dezincification
Magnesium SulfateFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Potassium ChlorideFairSevere dezincification
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium BisulfateFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium ChlorideFairSevere dezincification
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium SulfitePoorSevere dezincification
Sodium ThiosulfateGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Zinc ChloridePoorSevere dezincification
Zinc SulfatePoorSevere dezincification
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateGood
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateGood
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidPoorSusceptible to dezincification.
Acetic AnhydridePoorSusceptible to dezincification.
Benzoic AcidGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Butyric AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Chloracetic AcidPoorSusceptible to dezincification.
Citric AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Formic AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Lactic AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Oxalic AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Tannic AcidGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Tartaric AcidFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Trichloracetic AcidPoorSusceptible to dezincification.
Organic comp.AnilineFairStree corrosion cracking possible.
Aniline DyesFairStree corrosion cracking possible.
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolGoodDezincification may occur.
FormaldehydeFairDezincification may occur.
FurfuralFairDezincification may occur.
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetPoorSevere dezincification
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Calcium BisulfitePoorSevere dezincification
Calcium HypochloritePoorSevere dezincification
Copper ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitratePoorSevere dezincification
Copper SulfateGoodSevere dezincification
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChloridePoorSevere dezincification
Ferrous SulfatePoorSevere dezincification
Hydrogen PeroxideFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Mercury SaltsPoorMay cause liquid metal embrittlement
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloritePoorSevere dezincification
Sodium NitrateFairSusceptible to dezincification.
Sodium PeroxidePoorSusceptible to dezincification.
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistPoorMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesFairIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Susceptible to dezincification with nitrates, sulfates, chlorides. Refer to specific salt solution rat
Mine WaterPoorAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableFairCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Dezincification may occur.