Find suppliers for this alloyC51000
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1)PbSnZnFeP
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.5% min.
Min (%)4.20.03
Max (%)Rem0.055.80.300.100.35
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.2% Offset
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0266   Typ
54   Typ
24   Typ
78   Typ
69   Typ
1/2 Hard and Stress RelievedHR0266   Typ
54   Typ
28   Typ
1/4 HardH0149   Min for Standard
20   Min for Standard
24   Min for Standard
AnnealedO6146   Min for Standard
13   Min for Standard
47   Min for Standard
As Hot RolledM2050   Typ
Extra HardH0696   Typ
92   Typ
3   Typ
93   Typ
78   Typ
0.04
Extra SpringH10107   Typ
103   Typ
2   Typ
97   Typ
80   Typ
0.04
HardH0484   Typ
80   Typ
7   Typ
87   Typ
75   Typ
25   Typ
0.04
Hard and Stress RelievedHR0484   Typ
74   Typ
14   Typ
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01553   Typ
22   Typ
50   Typ
34   Typ
79   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02550   Typ
21   Typ
52   Typ
30   Typ
77   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03549   Typ
20   Typ
58   Typ
28   Typ
75   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05047   Typ
19   Typ
64   Typ
26   Typ
73   Typ
0.04
Soft AnnealO6050   Typ
40   Typ
SpringH08103   Typ
99   Typ
3   Typ
95   Typ
79   Typ
22   Typ
0.04
Spring and Stress RelievedHR08103   Typ
9   Typ
Rod1/2 HardH0270   Typ
58   Typ
25   Typ
78   Typ
6   Typ
120
H0275   Typ
65   Typ
25   Typ
80   Typ
0.520
Wire1/2 HardH0285   Typ
80   Typ
8   Typ
0.08
1/4 HardH0168   Typ
60   Typ
24   Typ
0.08
Extra HardH06130   Typ
3   Typ
30   Typ
0.0875
HardH04110   Typ
3   Typ
27   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03550   Typ
20   Typ
58   Typ
0.08
SpringH08140   Typ
2   Typ
0.0884
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
(1) Determined on an alloy containing 5% tin and .2% phosphorus. This value will vary with the composition.
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1920
Melting Point - Solidus°F1750
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.32
Specific Gravity8.86
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F15(1)
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F40
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)9.9
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi16000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6000
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingFair
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingGood
Coated Metal Arc WeldingFair
Spot WeldGood
Seam WeldFair
Butt WeldExcellent
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedPoor
Machinability Rating20
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Drawing
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Shearing
  • Stamping
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing9001250
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ArchitectureBridge Bearing PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Bridge Bearing PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Bridge Bearing PlatesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Bridge Bearing PlatesMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Bridge Bearing PlatesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
ElectricalElectrical ConnectorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electrical ConnectorsForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Electrical ConnectorsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Electrical ConnectorsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesMechanical PropertiesHigh Endurance Limit
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Electromechanical Spring ComponentsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Electronic and Precision Instrument PartsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electronic and Precision Instrument PartsConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Electronic and Precision Instrument PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Electronic and Precision Instrument PartsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Electronic and Precision Instrument PartsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Electronic ConnectorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electronic ConnectorsForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Electronic ConnectorsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Electronic ConnectorsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Fuse ClipsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Fuse ClipsConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Fuse ClipsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Fuse ClipsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Fuse ClipsSolderabilitySolderability
Fuse ClipsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Resistance WireConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Resistivity
Resistance WireMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Switch PartsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Switch PartsConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Switch PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Switch PartsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Switch PartsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Switch PartsSolderabilitySolderability
Switch PartsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Wire BrushesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Wire BrushesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Wire BrushesMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
FastenersCotter PinsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cotter PinsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Cotter PinsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Cotter PinsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
FastenersConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FastenersMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
FastenersThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Lock WashersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Lock WashersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Lock WashersMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Lock WashersThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
IndustrialBeater BarForming CharacteristicsFormability
Beater BarFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Beater BarMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Beater BarMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Beater BarThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
BellowsDrawing CharacteristicsCapacity for Cold Drawing
BellowsNon-FoulingFatigue Life
Bourdon TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Bourdon TubesCorrosion ResistanceStress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
Bourdon TubesMechanical PropertiesHigh Endurance Limit
Bourdon TubesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Bourdon TubesThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Chemical hardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Chemical hardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Chemical hardwareMachining CharacteristicsMachinability, Good
Chemical hardwareMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Clutch DisksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Clutch DisksMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Clutch DisksMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
DiaphragmsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
DiaphragmsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
DiaphragmsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Perforated SheetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Perforated SheetsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pressure Responsive ElementsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Pressure Responsive ElementsConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Pressure Responsive ElementsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Pressure Responsive ElementsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pressure Responsive ElementsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Sleeve BushingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Sleeve BushingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Sleeve BushingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Sleeve BushingsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
Sleeve BushingsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
SpringsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
SpringsMachining CharacteristicsMachinability, Good
SpringsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
SpringsMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
SpringsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Textile machineryConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Textile machineryCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Textile machineryForming CharacteristicsFormability
Textile machineryMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Truss WireConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Truss WireConductivity (Thermal)High Thermal Conductivity
Truss WireCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Truss WireForming CharacteristicsFormability
Welding RodsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Welding RodsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Welding RodsCorrosion ResistanceOxidation Resistance
Welding RodsSoftening ResistanceResistance to Thermal Softening
Applicable Specifications
Form Specific Sub-Form Temper Application System Standard Description
BarAMS4625PHOSPHOR BRONZE BARS, RODS, AND TUBING, HARD TEMPER
ASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB139/B139MPHOSPHOR BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
Bearings & BusingsMILITARYMIL-B-13501BEARINGS AND BUSHINGS, BRASS AND BRONZE MACHINED OR FORMED
BoltsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
Bushing StockMILITARYMIL-B-13501BEARINGS AND BUSHINGS, BRASS AND BRONZE MACHINED OR FORMED
NutsASTMF467NONFERROUS NUTS FOR GENERAL USE
PlateSpringAMS4510PHOSPHOR BRONZE SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE, SPRING TEMPER
Bridge and BearingASTMB100ROLLED COPPER ALLOY BEARING AND EXPANSION PLATES AND SHEETS FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURAL USES
ASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
RodAMS4625PHOSPHOR BRONZE BARS, RODS, AND TUBING, HARD TEMPER
ASTMB139/B139MPHOSPHOR BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
ScrewsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
ShapesASTMB139/B139MPHOSPHOR BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SheetSpringAMS4510PHOSPHOR BRONZE SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE, SPRING TEMPER
Bridge and BearingASTMB100ROLLED COPPER ALLOY BEARING AND EXPANSION PLATES AND SHEETS FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURAL USES
ASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripSpringAMS4510PHOSPHOR BRONZE SHEET, STRIP AND PLATE, SPRING TEMPER
ASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
Electric Connector & Spring ContactASTMB888/B88MCOPPER ALLOY STRIP FOR USE IN MANUFACTURE OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS OR SPRING CONTACTS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StudsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
TubeAMS4625PHOSPHOR BRONZE BARS, RODS, AND TUBING, HARD TEMPER
MILITARYMIL-T-3595TUBING, PHOSPHOR BRONZE: ROUND, SEAMLESS
WireAMS4720WIRE, PHOSPHOR BRONZE, COLD DRAWN, SPRING TEMPER
ASTMB159/B159MPHOSPHOR BRONZE WIRE
MetallizingMILITARYMIL-W-6712WIRE, METALLIZING
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfatePoorHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.