Find suppliers for this alloyC52100
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1)PbSnZnFeP
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.5% min.
Min (%)7.00.03
Max (%)Rem0.059.00.200.100.35
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.2% Offset
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0277   Typ
64   Typ
34   Typ
84   Typ
73   Typ
0.04
1/2 Hard and Stress RelievedHR0277   Typ
62   Typ
39   Typ
Extra HardH06105   Typ
100   Typ
9   Typ
96   Typ
80   Typ
0.04
Extra Hard and Stress RelievedHR06105   Typ
93   Typ
15   Typ
Extra SpringH10120   Typ
2   Typ
100   Typ
82   Typ
0.04
HardH0493   Typ
87   Typ
19   Typ
93   Typ
78   Typ
6   Typ
22   Typ
0.04
Hard and Stress RelievedHR0493   Typ
80   Typ
23   Typ
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01565   Typ
60   Typ
85   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.025 mmOS02560   Typ
24   Typ
63   Typ
50   Typ
82   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03558   Typ
65   Typ
80   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05055   Typ
70   Typ
75   Typ
0.04
SpringH08112   Typ
108   Typ
5   Typ
98   Typ
81   Typ
0.04
Spring and Stress RelievedHR08112   Typ
102   Typ
11   Typ
Rod1/2 HardH0280   Typ
65   Typ
33   Typ
85   Typ
0.520
Wire1/2 HardH02105   Typ
0.08
1/4 HardH0181   Typ
0.08
Extra HardH06140   Typ
0.08
HardH04130   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03560   Typ
24   Typ
65   Typ
0.08
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1880
Melting Point - Solidus°F1620
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.318
Specific Gravity8.8
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F13
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F36
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)10.1
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi16000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6000
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingFair
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingGood
Coated Metal Arc WeldingFair
Spot WeldGood
Seam WeldFair
Butt WeldExcellent
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedGood
Capacity for Being Hot FormedPoor
Machinability Rating20
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Drawing
  • Forming and Bending
  • Shearing
  • Stamping
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing9001250
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ArchitectureBridge Bearing PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Bridge Bearing PlatesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Bridge Bearing PlatesFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Bridge Bearing PlatesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Bridge Bearing PlatesThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
BuildingThermostat BellowsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Thermostat BellowsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Thermostat BellowsMechanical PropertiesFatigue Resistance
ConsumerCoinageConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
CoinageFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
CymbalsAppearanceColor
CymbalsDamping CharacteristicsSonority
CymbalsMechanical PropertiesStrength
Power Conductor for Electro-Surgical PencilConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Power Conductor for Electro-Surgical PencilForming CharacteristicsFormability
Power Conductor for Electro-Surgical PencilMechanical PropertiesSpring Properties
ElectricalCold Headed PartsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Cold Headed PartsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Cold Headed PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cold Headed PartsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cold Headed PartsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Electrical ConnectorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electrical ConnectorsForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Electrical ConnectorsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Electrical ConnectorsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesMechanical PropertiesHigh Endurance Limit
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Electrical Flexing Contact BladesThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Electronic ConnectorsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Electronic ConnectorsForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Electronic ConnectorsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Electronic ConnectorsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Fuse ClipsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Fuse ClipsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Fuse ClipsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Fuse ClipsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Fuse ClipsSolderabilitySolderability
Fuse ClipsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Switch PartsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Switch PartsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Switch PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Switch PartsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Switch PartsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Switch PartsSolderabilitySolderability
Switch PartsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Wire BrushesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Wire BrushesConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Wire BrushesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Wire BrushesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Wire BrushesFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Wire BrushesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
FastenersCotter PinsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cotter PinsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Cotter PinsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cotter PinsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Fasteners, Heavy DutyCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Fasteners, Heavy DutyForming CharacteristicsFormability
Fasteners, Heavy DutyMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Lock WashersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Lock WashersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Lock WashersMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Lock WashersThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
IndustrialBeater BarCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Beater BarForming CharacteristicsFormability
Beater BarFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Beater BarMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Beater BarThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
BellowsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BellowsForming CharacteristicsFormability
BellowsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Bourdon TubingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Bourdon TubingForming CharacteristicsFormability
Bourdon TubingMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Bourdon TubingThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Chemical hardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Chemical hardwareForming CharacteristicsFormability
Chemical hardwareMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Clips, Heavy DutyConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Clips, Heavy DutyCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Clips, Heavy DutyMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Clips, Heavy DutyThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Clutch DisksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Clutch DisksForming CharacteristicsFormability
Clutch DisksFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Clutch DisksMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cold Headed PartsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Cold Headed PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cold Headed PartsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Cold Headed PartsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cold Headed PartsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
DiaphragmsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
DiaphragmsForming CharacteristicsFormability
DiaphragmsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
DiaphragmsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryFriction & Wear PropertiesGood Wear Resistance
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
GearsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
GearsForming CharacteristicsFormability
GearsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
GearsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Perforated SheetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Perforated SheetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Perforated SheetsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
PinionsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
PinionsForming CharacteristicsFormability
PinionsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
PinionsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Pneumatic HammersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pneumatic HammersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Pneumatic HammersFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Pneumatic HammersMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Pneumatic HammersThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Sleeve BushingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Sleeve BushingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Sleeve BushingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Sleeve BushingsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Springs, Heavy DutyCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Springs, Heavy DutyForming CharacteristicsFormability
Springs, Heavy DutyMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Springs, Heavy DutyThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Springs, Helical ExtensionCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Springs, Helical ExtensionForming CharacteristicsFormability
Springs, Helical ExtensionMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Springs, Helical ExtensionThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Springs, Helical TorsionCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Springs, Helical TorsionForming CharacteristicsFormability
Springs, Helical TorsionMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Springs, Helical TorsionThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Textile machineryCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Textile machineryForming CharacteristicsFormability
Textile machineryFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Textile machineryMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Thrust BearingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Thrust BearingsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Thrust BearingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Thrust BearingsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Thrust BearingsThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Truss WireCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Truss WireForming CharacteristicsFormability
Truss WireMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Truss WireThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Welding WireConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Welding WireConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Welding WireCorrosion ResistanceOxidation Resistance
Welding WireSoftening ResistanceResistance to Thermal Softening
Well Drill EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Well Drill EquipmentForming CharacteristicsFormability
Well Drill EquipmentFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Well Drill EquipmentMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Well Drill EquipmentThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
MarineMarine PartsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Marine PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Marine PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Marine PartsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Marine PartsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Applicable Specifications
Form Specific Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
BarASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB139/B139MPHOSPHOR BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ElectrodeWeldingAWSA5.6COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY COVERED ELECTRODES
WeldingMILITARYMIL-E-23765/3ELECTRODES, WELDING, BARE, COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY
PlateASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
RodASTMB139/B139MPHOSPHOR BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
WeldingAWSA5.15WELDING RODS FOR WELDING CAST IRON
ShapesASTMB139/B139MPHOSPHOR BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SheetASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripASTMB103/B103MPHOSPHOR BRONZE PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR
Electric Connector & Spring ContactASTMB888/B88MCOPPER ALLOY STRIP FOR USE IN MANUFACTURE OF ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS OR SPRING CONTACTS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
WireASTMB159/B159MPHOSPHOR BRONZE WIRE
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
NitrogenExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesExcellentIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.