Find suppliers for this alloyC61300
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1,2)PbSnZn(3)FePNi(4)AlMnSi
(1) Cu value includes Ag. (2) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.8% min. (3) When the product is for subsequent welding applications and is so specified by the purchaser, Cr, Cd, Zr, and Zn shall each be 0.05%max. (4) Ni value includes Co.
Min (%)0.202.06.0
Max (%)Rem0.010.500.103.00.0150.157.50.200.10
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.2% Offset
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
YS-0.05% Offset
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Izod
(ft-lbs)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Reduction of Area
(%)
Ultimate Tensile Strength in Shear
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat ProductsAs Hot RolledM2080   Typ
40   Typ
40   Typ
82   Typ
52   Typ
28   Typ
>0.5 - 2
M2072   Min for Standard
30   Min for Standard
32   Min for Standard
35   Min for Standard
>2.0 - 5
M2075   Min for Standard
34   Min for Standard
36   Min for Standard
35   Min for Standard
81   Typ
50   Typ
=<0.5
RodDrawn and Stress RelievedHR5080   Min
50   Typ
30   Min
=<0.5
HardH0482   Typ
55   Typ
35   Typ
90   Typ
45   Typ
125
H0480   Typ
48   Typ
35   Typ
88   Typ
40   Typ
6.4   Typ
60   Typ
26   Typ
2.4   Typ
225
H0485   Typ
58   Typ
35   Typ
91   Typ
48   Typ
0.525
Rod, Bar & ShapesExtruded and DrawnH5075   Min for Standard
45   Min for Standard
30   Min for Standard
51   Typ
>1 to 2
TubeAs Hot ExtrudedM3065   Min for Standard
28   Min for Standard
30   Min for Standard
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1915
Melting Point - Solidus°F1905
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.287
Specific Gravity7.95
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F12
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F32
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)9
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi17000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6400
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingNot Recommended
BrazingFair
Oxyacetylene WeldingNot Recommended
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingExcellent
Coated Metal Arc WeldingGood
Spot WeldGood
Seam WeldGood
Butt WeldGood
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedGood
Capacity for Being Hot FormedGood
Forgeability Rating50
Machinability Rating30
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Cold Heading
  • Drawing
  • Forming and Bending
  • Roll Threading
  • Welding
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing11251600
Hot Treatment14501700
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
BuildingWire ScreeningCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Wire ScreeningForming CharacteristicsFormability
Wire ScreeningMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
FastenersBoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
BoltsForming CharacteristicsFormability
BoltsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
FastenersMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Non Oxidizing Acids
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
NutsForming CharacteristicsFormability
NutsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
IndustrialColumnsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ColumnsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Condenser TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Condenser TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
Condenser TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Corrosion Resistant VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Corrosion Resistant VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
Corrosion Resistant VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
Corrosion Resistant VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Corrosion Resistant VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Non Oxidizing Acids
Corrosion Resistant VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Corrosion Resistant VesselsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Desalination EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Desalination EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Desalination EquipmentMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
GasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
GasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
GasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Non Oxidizing Acids
GasketsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
GasketsMechanical PropertiesStrength
GasketsPressure TightPressure Tight
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Heat Exchanger TubeForming CharacteristicsFormability
Heat Exchanger TubeMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Heat Exchanger TubeWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Machine PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Machine PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
Machine PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Machine PartsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Machine PartsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Machine PartsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Machine PartsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Mining ShovelsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Mining ShovelsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Mining ShovelsNon-SparkingNon-Sparking
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Non Oxidizing Acids
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Non-Oxidizing Mineral Acids
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantForming CharacteristicsFormability
Piping Systems, Acid ResistantMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Sea Water PipingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Sea Water PipingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Sea Water PipingMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Sea Water PipingWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Seamless Tubing and PipeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Seamless Tubing and PipeForming CharacteristicsFormability
Seamless Tubing and PipeMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Seamless Tubing and PipeWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Non Oxidizing Acids
TanksMechanical PropertiesHigh Modulus of Elasticity
TanksWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Tie RodsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Tie RodsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
Tie RodsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Tie RodsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Tube SheetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Tube SheetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Tube SheetsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Water BoxesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Water BoxesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Water BoxesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
MarineMarine HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Marine HardwareCorrosion ResistanceStress Corrosion Cracking Resistance
Marine HardwareMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Marine HardwareWelding CharacteristicsWeldable with C61000
Protective SheathingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Protective SheathingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance in Numerous Environments
Protective SheathingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Protective SheathingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Protective SheathingMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
OrdnanceBlending ChambersForming CharacteristicsFormability
Blending ChambersMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Blending ChambersNon-SparkingNon-Sparking
Mixing TroughsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Mixing TroughsForming CharacteristicsFormability
Mixing TroughsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Mixing TroughsNon-SparkingNon-Sparking
Mixing TroughsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
OtherBall Valve SeatsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Ball Valve SeatsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Acids
Ball Valve SeatsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Ball Valve SeatsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Applicable Specifications
Form Specific Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
BarASTMB150/B150MALUMINUM BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB169/B169MALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
FEDERALQQ-C-450COPPER-ALUMINUM ALLOY (ALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND BAR)
PipeASTMB315SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY PIPE AND TUBE
WeldedASTMB608WELDED COPPER ALLOY PIPE
PlateASTMB100ROLLED COPPER ALLOY BEARING AND EXPANSION PLATES AND SHEETS FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURAL USES
ASTMB169/B169MALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
Condenser TubeASTMB171/B171MCOPPER ALLOY CONDENSER TUBE PLATES
ASTMB171/B171MCOPPER ALLOY CONDENSER TUBE PLATES
CladASTMB432COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY CLAD STEEL PLATE
FEDERALQQ-C-450COPPER-ALUMINUM ALLOY (ALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND BAR)
RodASTMB150/B150MALUMINUM BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ShapesASTMB150/B150MALUMINUM BRONZE ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SheetASTMB169/B169MALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
FEDERALQQ-C-450COPPER-ALUMINUM ALLOY (ALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND BAR)
StripASTMB169/B169MALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
FEDERALQQ-C-450COPPER-ALUMINUM ALLOY (ALUMINUM BRONZE, PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND BAR)
TubeASTMB111/B111MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES AND FERRULE STOCK
ASTMB315SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY PIPE AND TUBE
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessPoorDealuminification may occur without proper heat treatment.
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesExcellentAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumExcellent
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetFairDealuminification may occur without proper heat treatment.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteFairDealuminification may occur without proper heat treatment.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistFairMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesExcellentIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits.