Find suppliers for this alloyC65100
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1,2)PbZnFeMnSi
(1) Cu value includes Ag. (2) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.5% min.
Min (%)0.8
Max (%)Rem0.051.50.80.72.0
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Ultimate Tensile Strength in Shear
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
RodExtra HardH0690   Typ
67   Typ
12   Typ
90   Typ
50   Typ
150
HardH0470   Typ
55   Typ
15   Typ
80   Typ
45   Typ
6.4   Typ
28   Typ
136
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03540   Typ
15   Typ
50   Typ
55   Typ
1
Rod & WireExtra HardH06105   Typ
71   Typ
10   Typ
53   Typ
0.08
H0690   Typ
67   Typ
12   Typ
50   Typ
150
HardH0470   Typ
55   Typ
15   Typ
45   Typ
136
H04100   Typ
70   Typ
11   Typ
50   Typ
0.08
H0495   Typ
12   Typ
0.4460
TubeHard DrawnH8065   Typ
40   Typ
20   Typ
75   Typ
67   Typ
35
H8065   Typ
40   Typ
20   Typ
35
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01545   Typ
20   Typ
55   Typ
68   Typ
0.065
Wire1/2 HardH0280   Typ
63   Typ
15   Typ
45   Typ
0.08
H0280   Typ
20   Typ
0.4437
1/4 HardH0163   Typ
30   Typ
0.4421
H0165   Typ
50   Typ
25   Typ
40   Typ
0.08
1/8 HardH0055   Typ
40   Typ
40   Typ
36   Typ
0.08
H0030   Typ
63   Typ
0.4421
H0055   Typ
40   Typ
40   Typ
36   Typ
0.08
Extra HardH06105   Typ
71   Typ
10   Typ
53   Typ
28   Typ
0.08
HardH0495   Typ
12   Typ
0.4460
H04100   Typ
70   Typ
11   Typ
50   Typ
25   Typ
0.08
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1940
Melting Point - Solidus°F1890
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.316
Specific Gravity8.75
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F12
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F33
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)9.9
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi17000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6400
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingGood
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingExcellent
Coated Metal Arc WeldingFair
Spot WeldExcellent
Seam WeldGood
Butt WeldExcellent
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedExcellent
Machinability Rating30
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Hot Forging and Pressing
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Squeezing and Swaging
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing9001250
Hot Treatment13001300
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ElectricalConduitConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
ConduitConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
ConduitCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ConduitMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ConduitSolderabilitySolderability
Motor, Rotor BarsBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Motor, Rotor BarsConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Resistivity
Motor, Rotor BarsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pole Line HardwareConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Pole Line HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pole Line HardwareMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
FastenersBoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
BoltsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cable ClampsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cable ClampsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Cable ClampsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Cable ClampsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cap ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cap ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Cap ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Cap ScrewsForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Cap ScrewsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
FastenersConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
FastenersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FastenersMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Machine ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Machine ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Machine ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Machine ScrewsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
NutsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
RivetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
RivetsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
ScrewsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
U BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
U BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
U BoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
U BoltsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
IndustrialHeat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Heat Exchanger TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Heat Exchanger TubeForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Heat Exchanger TubeMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Heat Exchanger TubeWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Hydraulic Pressure LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Hydraulic Pressure LinesForming CharacteristicsExcellent Formability
Hydraulic Pressure LinesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Hydraulic Pressure LinesThermal PropertiesResistance to Stress Relaxation
Hydraulic Pressure LinesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Welding RodConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Welding RodConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Welding RodCorrosion ResistanceOxidation Resistance
Welding RodSoftening ResistanceResistance to Thermal Softening
MarineHardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
HardwareMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Applicable Specifications
Form Specific Sub-Form System Standard Description
BarASMESB98COPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB98/B98MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
BoltsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
NutsASTMF467NONFERROUS NUTS FOR GENERAL USE
PipeASTMB315SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY PIPE AND TUBE
PlateCladASTMB432COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY CLAD STEEL PLATE
ASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
RodASMESB98COPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB98/B98MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ScrewsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
ShapesASMESB98COPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB98/B98MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SheetASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
StripASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
StudsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
TubeASTMB315SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY PIPE AND TUBE
WireASTMB105HARD-DRAWN COPPER ALLOY WIRES FOR ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS
ASTMB99/B99MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY WIRE FOR GENERAL PURPOSES
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamGoodResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.