Find suppliers for this alloyC65500
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1,2)PbZnFeNi(3)MnSi
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.5% min. (2) Cu value includes Ag. (3) Ni value includes Co.
Min (%)0.502.8
Max (%)Rem0.051.50.80.61.33.8
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
Shear Strength
(ksi)
Torsion Modulus
(ksi)
Fatigue Strength**
(ksi)
Ultimate Tensile Strength in Shear
(ksi)
Section Size
(in)
Cold Work
(%)
Flat Products1/2 HardH0278   Typ
45   Typ
17   Typ
87   Typ
75   Typ
50   Typ
0.04
1/4 HardH0168   Typ
35   Typ
30   Typ
75   Typ
67   Typ
47   Typ
0.04
Extra HardH06104   Typ
60   Typ
6   Typ
96   Typ
80   Typ
60   Typ
0.04
HardH0494   Typ
58   Typ
8   Typ
93   Typ
78   Typ
57   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.015 mmOS01563   Typ
30   Typ
55   Typ
66   Typ
90   Typ
45   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03560   Typ
25   Typ
60   Typ
62   Typ
85   Typ
43   Typ
0.04
Nominal Grain Size 0.070 mmOS07056   Typ
21   Typ
63   Typ
40   Typ
76   Typ
42   Typ
0.04
SpringH08110   Typ
62   Typ
4   Typ
97   Typ
81   Typ
63   Typ
0.04
Flat Products & WireNominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03560   Typ
25   Typ
60   Typ
43   Typ
0.08
SpringH08145   Typ
70   Typ
3   Typ
70   Typ
0.0880
H08110   Typ
62   Typ
4   Typ
63   Typ
0.04
Flat Products, Rod & Bar1/2 HardH0298   Typ
57   Typ
8   Typ
58   Typ
0.08
H0278   Typ
45   Typ
35   Typ
52   Typ
120
H0278   Typ
45   Typ
17   Typ
50   Typ
0.04
Rod1/2 HardH0278   Typ
45   Typ
35   Typ
85   Typ
52   Typ
120
Extra HardH06108   Typ
60   Typ
13   Typ
95   Typ
5.7   Typ
62   Typ
150
HardH0492   Typ
55   Typ
22   Typ
90   Typ
58   Typ
30   Typ
136
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05058   Typ
22   Typ
60   Typ
60   Typ
43   Typ
1
Rod & TubingNominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05058   Typ
22   Typ
60   Typ
43   Typ
1
OS05057   Typ
70   Typ
TubeHard DrawnH8093   Typ
22   Typ
92   Typ
78   Typ
0.06535
Nominal Grain Size 0.050 mmOS05057   Typ
70   Typ
45   Typ
0.065
Wire1/2 HardH0298   Typ
57   Typ
8   Typ
58   Typ
0.08
1/4 HardH0180   Typ
48   Typ
20   Typ
52   Typ
0.08
1/8 HardH0070   Typ
40   Typ
35   Typ
48   Typ
0.08
HardH04125   Typ
65   Typ
5   Typ
65   Typ
29   Typ
0.08
Nominal Grain Size 0.035 mmOS03560   Typ
25   Typ
60   Typ
43   Typ
0.08
SpringH08145   Typ
70   Typ
3   Typ
70   Typ
30   Typ
0.08
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C). ** Fatigue Strength: 100 x 106 cycles, unless indicated as [N] x 106.
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F1880
Melting Point - Solidus°F1780
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.308
Specific Gravity8.53
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F7
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F21
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)10
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi15000
Modulus of Rigidityksi5600
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingGood
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingGood
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingExcellent
Coated Metal Arc WeldingFair
Spot WeldExcellent
Seam WeldExcellent
Butt WeldExcellent
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedExcellent
Capacity for Being Hot FormedExcellent
Forgeability Rating40
Machinability Rating30
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Blanking
  • Drawing
  • Forming and Bending
  • Heading and Upsetting
  • Hot Forging and Pressing
  • Roll Threading and Knurling
  • Shearing
  • Squeezing and Swaging
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing9001300
Hot Treatment13001600
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
ConsumerSculptureAppearanceAppearance
SculptureCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
SculptureWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
ElectricalMotors, Rotor BarBrazing CharacteristicsBrazability
Motors, Rotor BarConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Resistivity
Pole Line HardwareConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Pole Line HardwareConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
Pole Line HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pole Line HardwareMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
FastenersBoltsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BoltsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
BurrsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BurrsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ClampsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ClampsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
ClampsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Cotter PinsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Cotter PinsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
HingesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
HingesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
NailsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
NailsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
NutsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
NutsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
RivetsAppearanceAppearance
RivetsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
RivetsForming CharacteristicsFormability
RivetsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ScrewsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ScrewsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
IndustrialBearing PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Bearing PlatesFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
Bearing PlatesFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Bearing PlatesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
BushingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
BushingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
BushingsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ButtsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ButtsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
CableCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
CableForming CharacteristicsFormability
CableMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ChannelsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ChannelsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
ChannelsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Paper Industry Chemicals
ChannelsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
ChannelsForming CharacteristicsFormability
ChannelsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ChannelsNon-SparkingNon-Sparking
ChannelsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Chemical EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Chemical EquipmentCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Chemical EquipmentMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Chemical EquipmentWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Paper Industry Chemicals
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Doctor Blades, Paper IndustryMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Heat Exchanger TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Heat Exchanger TubesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Heat Exchanger TubesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Heat Exchanger TubesSolderabilitySolderability
Heat Exchanger TubesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Hydraulic Pressure LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Hydraulic Pressure LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Hydraulic Pressure LinesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Hydraulic Pressure LinesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
KettlesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
KettlesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Paper Industry Chemicals
KettlesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
KettlesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeMechanical PropertiesModerate to High Strength
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeNon-SparkingNon-Sparking
Oil Refinery Plumbing TubeWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Piston RingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Piston RingsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Piston RingsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Pressure VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pressure VesselsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Screen ClothCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screen ClothForming CharacteristicsFormability
Screen ClothMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Screen PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screen PlatesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Screen PlatesMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ShaftingCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
ShaftingMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
ShaftingWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
TanksMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Wear PlatesFriction & Wear PropertiesGalling Resistance
Wear PlatesFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Welded Pressure VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Welded Pressure VesselsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Welded TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Welded TanksWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
WireCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
WireMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
MarineHardwareAppearanceAppearance
HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
HardwareCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
HardwareMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Propeller ShaftsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Propeller ShaftsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Propeller ShaftsFriction & Wear PropertiesWear Resistance
Propeller ShaftsMechanical PropertiesHigh Strength
Applicable Specifications
Form Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
Bar
RolledPressure VesselsASMESB96COPPER-SILICON ALLOY PLATE AND SHEET FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
RolledASMESB98COPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB124/B1124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
RolledASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
RolledPressure VesselsASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
ASTMB98/B98MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
BoltsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
DieForgingsASTMB283/B283MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY DIE FORGINGS (HOT PRESSED)
ElectrodeWelding
NutsASTMF467NONFERROUS NUTS FOR GENERAL USE
PipeASMESB315COPPER-SILICON ALLOY SEAMLESS PIPE AND TUBE
ASTMB315SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY PIPE AND TUBE
PlateASMESB96COPPER-SILICON ALLOY PLATE AND SHEET FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
Pressure VesselsASMESB96COPPER-SILICON ALLOY PLATE AND SHEET FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
Bridge and BearingASTMB100ROLLED COPPER ALLOY BEARING AND EXPANSION PLATES AND SHEETS FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURAL USES
ASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
Pressure VesselsASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
RodASMESB98COPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ForgingsASTMB124/B1124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB98/B98MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
ScrewsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
ShapesASMESB98COPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ForgingsASTMB124/B1124MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY FORGING ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
ASTMB98/B98MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY ROD, BAR AND SHAPES
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
SheetASMESB96COPPER-SILICON ALLOY PLATE AND SHEET FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
Pressure VesselsASMESB96COPPER-SILICON ALLOY PLATE AND SHEET FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
Bridge and BearingASTMB100ROLLED COPPER ALLOY BEARING AND EXPANSION PLATES AND SHEETS FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURAL USES
ASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
Pressure VesselsASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripASMESB96COPPER-SILICON ALLOY PLATE AND SHEET FOR PRESSURE VESSELS
ASTMB96/B96MCOPPER SILICON ALLOY PLATE, SHEET, STRIP AND ROLLED BAR FOR GENERAL PURPOSES AND PRESSURE VESSELS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StudsASTMF468NONFERROUS BOLTS, HEX CAP SCREWS, AND STUDS FOR GENERAL USE
TubeASMESB315COPPER-SILICON ALLOY SEAMLESS PIPE AND TUBE
ASTMB315SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY PIPE AND TUBE
MILITARYMIL-T-8231TUBES: COPPER-SILICON-BRONZE, SEAMLESS, FOR AIRCRAFT
WireASTMB99/B99MCOPPER-SILICON ALLOY WIRE FOR GENERAL PURPOSES
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideGoodCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodSusceptible to dezincification.
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance in absence of oxidizers such as oxygen (air), oxidizing salts and >5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideFairOxidizing environment
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistGoodMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesGoodIncreased corrosion with oxidizers, e.g. oxygen (air), chlorine, hypochlorites and ferric ions. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterGoodCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants. Erosion-corrosion at moderate velocities.
SteamGoodResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen or ammonia can increase corrosion.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits. Erosion-corrosion at high velocities.