Find suppliers for this alloyC70600
Chemical Composition
Element
Cu(1,2)PbZnFeNi(3)Mn
(1) Cu + Sum of Named Elements 99.5% min. (2) Cu value includes Ag. (3) Ni value includes Co.
Min (%)1.09.0
Max (%)Rem0.051.01.811.01.0
Mechanical Properties*
Form
Temper
Temper Code
Tensile Strength
(ksi)
YS-0.2% Offset
YS-0.5% Ext
(ksi)
Elongation
(%)
Rockwell B scale
Rockwell F scale
Rockwell 30T scale
BarHardH0450   Typ
25   Typ
15   Typ
Soft AnnealO6038   Min
15   Typ
30   Typ
Flat Products1/4 HardH0153   Typ
16   Typ
35   Typ
60   Typ
As Hot RolledM2040   Min for Standard
15   Typ
30   Min for Standard
3   Min for Standard
HardH0475   Typ
73   Typ
5   Typ
80   Typ
TubeAnnealedO6144   Typ
16   Typ
42   Typ
15   Typ
65   Typ
26   Typ
Light Drawn, Light Cold RolledH5545   Min for Standard
35   Min for Standard
10   Typ
72   Typ
100   Typ
70   Typ
* Measured at room temperature, 68°F (20°C).
Physical Properties
Melting Point - Liquidus°F2100
Melting Point - Solidus°F2010
Densitylb/cu in. at 68°F0.323
Specific Gravity8.94
Electrical Conductivity% IACS at 68°F9
Thermal ConductivityBtu/ sq ft/ ft hr/ °F at 68°F26
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 68-57210⁻⁶ per °F (68 – 572°F)9.5
Specific Heat CapacityBtu/ lb /°F at 68°F0.09
Modulus of Elasticity in Tensionksi18000
Modulus of Rigidityksi6800
Fabrication Properties
Technique Suitability
SolderingExcellent
BrazingExcellent
Oxyacetylene WeldingFair
Gas Shielded Arc WeldingExcellent
Coated Metal Arc WeldingGood
Spot WeldGood
Seam WeldGood
Butt WeldExcellent
Capacity for Being Cold WorkedGood
Capacity for Being Hot FormedGood
Machinability Rating20
Common Fabrication Processes
  • Forming and Bending
  • Welding
    
Thermal Properties
Treatment Minimum* Maximum*
* Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit.
Annealing11001500
Hot Treatment15501750
Typical uses
Product Category Product Reason Category Reason
AutomotiveBrake LinesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Brake LinesMachining CharacteristicsMachinability
Brake LinesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Power Steering TubeCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Power Steering TubeMachining CharacteristicsMachinability
Power Steering TubeMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
ConsumerScrew Lamp BasesConductivity (Electrical)Electrical Conductivity
Screw Lamp BasesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Screw Lamp BasesForming CharacteristicsFormability
Screw Lamp BasesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
IndustrialCondenser PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Condenser PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Condenser PlatesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Condenser PlatesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Condenser PlatesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
CondensersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
CondensersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
CondensersCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
CondensersMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
CondensersMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Distiller TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Distiller TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Distiller TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Distiller TubesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Distiller TubesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Evaporator TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Evaporator TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Evaporator TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Evaporator TubesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Evaporator TubesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
EvaporatorsConductivity (Thermal)Thermal Conductivity
EvaporatorsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
EvaporatorsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
FerrulesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
FerrulesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
FerrulesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
FerrulesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
FerrulesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Heat Exchanger TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Heat Exchanger TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Heat Exchanger TubesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Heat Exchanger TubesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Heat Exchanger TubesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Pressure VesselsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pressure VesselsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Pressure VesselsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Pump Impellers for Oil RefiningCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Pump Impellers for Oil RefiningCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to 600 F.
Pump Impellers for Oil RefiningCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Valve BodiesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Valve BodiesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Valve BodiesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Weld Torch TipsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Weld Torch TipsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Weld Torch TipsMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
MarineBoat HullsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Boat HullsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Boat HullsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Petrochemicals
Boat HullsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Boat HullsFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Boat HullsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Boat HullsMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Hot Water TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Hot Water TanksCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Hot Water TanksMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Hot Water TanksMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Propeller SleevesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Propeller SleevesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to 600 F.
Propeller SleevesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Salt Water BafflesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Salt Water BafflesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Salt Water BafflesFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Salt Water BafflesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Salt Water BafflesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Salt Water Piling WrapCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Salt Water Piling WrapCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Salt Water Piling WrapFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Salt Water Pipe FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Salt Water Pipe FittingsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Salt Water Pipe FittingsFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Salt Water Pipe FittingsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Salt Water Pipe FittingsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Salt Water Piping SystemsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Salt Water Piping SystemsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Salt Water Piping SystemsFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Salt Water Piping SystemsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Salt Water Piping SystemsWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Ship HullsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Ship HullsCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Ship HullsFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Ship HullsMechanical PropertiesDuctility
Ship HullsMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Ship HullsMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
Tube Sheet for Salt Water ServiceCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
Tube Sheet for Salt Water ServiceCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Tube Sheet for Salt Water ServiceFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Tube Sheet for Salt Water ServiceMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Tube Sheet for Salt Water ServiceWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Water HosesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Fresh Water
Water HosesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance to Salt Water
Water HosesFouling ResistanceNon-Fouling
Water HosesMechanical PropertiesModerate Strength
Water HosesMechanical PropertiesRetains Strength at High Temperatures
PlumbingFlangesCorrosion ResistanceCorrosion Resistance
FlangesWelding CharacteristicsWeldability
Applicable Specifications
Form Sub-Form Specific Sub-Form Application System Standard Description
BarASTMB122/B122MCOPPER-NICKEL-ZINC ALLOY (NICKEL-SILVER) AND COPPER-NICKEL PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
ASTMB151/B151MCOPPER-NICKEL-ZINC ALLOY (NICKEL-SILVER) AND COPPER-NICKEL ROD AND BAR
MILITARYMIL-C-15726COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY ROD, FLAT PRODUCTS (FLAT WIRE, STRIP, SHEET, BAR, AND PLATE) AND FORGINGS
Condenser & Heat Exchanger Tube with Integral FinsWeldedASTMB956/B956MWELDED COPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
ForgingsForgings
PipeSeamlessASMESB466SEAMLESS COPPER-NICKEL PIPE AND TUBE
WeldedASMESB467WELDED COPPER-NICKEL PIPE
SeamlessASTMB466/B466MSEAMLESS COPPER-NICKEL PIPE AND TUBE
WeldedASTMB467WELDED COPPER-NICKEL PIPE
PlateCondenser TubeASMESB171COPPER ALLOY CONDENSER TUBE PLATES
ASTMB122/B122MCOPPER-NICKEL-ZINC ALLOY (NICKEL-SILVER) AND COPPER-NICKEL PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
Condenser TubeASTMB171/B171MCOPPER ALLOY CONDENSER TUBE PLATES
CladASTMB432COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY CLAD STEEL PLATE
MILITARYMIL-C-15726COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY ROD, FLAT PRODUCTS (FLAT WIRE, STRIP, SHEET, BAR, AND PLATE) AND FORGINGS
Condenser TubeSAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
Condenser TubeSAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
RodASTMB151/B151MCOPPER-NICKEL-ZINC ALLOY (NICKEL-SILVER) AND COPPER-NICKEL ROD AND BAR
WeldingAWSA5.15WELDING RODS FOR WELDING CAST IRON
MILITARYMIL-C-15726COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY ROD, FLAT PRODUCTS (FLAT WIRE, STRIP, SHEET, BAR, AND PLATE) AND FORGINGS
SheetASTMB122/B122MCOPPER-NICKEL-ZINC ALLOY (NICKEL-SILVER) AND COPPER-NICKEL PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
MILITARYMIL-C-15726COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY ROD, FLAT PRODUCTS (FLAT WIRE, STRIP, SHEET, BAR, AND PLATE) AND FORGINGS
SAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
SAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
StripASTMB122/B122MCOPPER-NICKEL-ZINC ALLOY (NICKEL-SILVER) AND COPPER-NICKEL PLATE, SHEET, STRIP, AND ROLLED BAR
MILITARYMIL-C-15726COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY ROD, FLAT PRODUCTS (FLAT WIRE, STRIP, SHEET, BAR, AND PLATE) AND FORGINGS
TubeCondenser TubeASMESB111COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES & FERRULE STOCK
FinnedASMESB359COPPER & COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER & HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
U-BendASMESB395U-BEND SEAMLESS COPPER & COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER & CONDENSER TUBE
SeamlessASMESB466SEAMLESS COPPER-NICKEL PIPE AND TUBE
WeldedASMESB543WELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY TUBE
Condenser TubeASTMB111/B111MCOPPER AND COPPER ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER TUBES AND FERRULE STOCK
FinnedASTMB359/B359MCOPPER AND COPPER-ALLOY SEAMLESS CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER TUBES WITH INTEGRAL FINS
U-BendASTMB395/B395MU-BEND SEAMLESS COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER AND CONDENSER TUBES
SeamlessASTMB466/B466MSEAMLESS COPPER-NICKEL PIPE AND TUBE
SeamlessASTMB469SEAMLESS COPPER ALLOY TUBES FOR PRESSURE APPLICATION
WeldedASTMB543/B543MWELDED COPPER AND COPPER ALLOY HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE
Condenser TubeASTMB552SEAMLESS AND WELDED COPPER-NICKEL TUBES FOR WATER DESALTING PLANTS
Condenser TubeMILITARYMIL-T-15005TUBES, COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER
WeldedMILITARYMIL-T-16420TUBE, COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY, SEAMLESS AND WELDED
SeamlessMILITARYMIL-T-16420TUBE, COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY, SEAMLESS AND WELDED
FinnedMILITARYMIL-T-22214TUBE, CONDENSER AND HEAT EXCHANGER WITH INTEGRAL FINS
Condenser TubeSAEJ461WROUGHT AND CAST COPPER ALLOYS
Condenser TubeSAEJ463WROUGHT COPPER AND COPPER ALLOYS
WireMILITARYMIL-C-15726COPPER-NICKEL ALLOY ROD, FLAT PRODUCTS (FLAT WIRE, STRIP, SHEET, BAR, AND PLATE) AND FORGINGS
Corrosion Properties
Environmental Category Specific Environment Resistance Level Corrosion notes
ExcellentResistant at cryogenic and room temperatures
AlkaliAluminum HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Ammonium HydroxidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Barium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Black Liquor, Sulfate ProcessFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Calcium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
LimeExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Lime-SulfurFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Magnesium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Potassium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium BicarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium CarbonateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium HydroxideExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium PhosphateExcellent
Sodium SilicateExcellentCorrosion increases at elevated temperatures and in presence of oxidizers such as chromates or hypochlorates
Sodium SulfideFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
AtmosphereAtmosphere, IndustrialExcellentAffected by pollutants and other environmental factors. Hydrogen sulfide causes rapid tarnishing.
Atmosphere, MarineExcellentProtective green basic copper chloride or carbonate patina.
Atmosphere, RuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Chlor. organicCarbon Tetrachloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Carbon Tetracholoride, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Chloroform, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Ethyl ChlorideGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Methyl Chloride, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, DryExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Trichlorethylene, MoistGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures
Fatty acidOleic AcidExcellentCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Palmitic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Stearic AcidGoodCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Food/beverageBeerExcellentMay affect color or taste
Beet Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cane Sugar SyrupsExcellentMay affect color or taste
Carbonated BeveragesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
Carbonated WaterGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
CiderExcellentMay affect color or taste
CoffeeExcellentMay affect color or taste
Corn OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Cottonseed OilExcellentMay affect color or taste
Fruit JuicesGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GelatineExcellentMay affect color or taste
MilkExcellentMay affect color or taste
Sugar SolutionsExcellentMay affect color or taste
VinegarGoodAcidity increases corrosion. May affect color or taste.
GasAmmonia, Absolutely DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Ammonia, MoistPoorMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Carbon Dioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Carbon Dioxide, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrogenExcellentCopper and copper alloys containing copper oxide susceptible to attack
OxygenExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Halogen gasBromine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Bromine, MoistGoodMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
Chlorine, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Chlorine, MoistFairMore corrosion resistant in dry gas
HydrocarbonAcetylenePoorForms explosive compound in presence of moisture
AsphaltExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
BenzolExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ButaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
CreosoteExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Crude OilGoodCareful consideration must be given to specific contaminants when selecting materials for this complex environment
FreonExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Fuel OilExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
GasolineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Hydrocarbons, PureExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
KeroseneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Natural GasExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
ParaffinExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
PropaneExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TarNot RecommendedContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
TurpentineExcellentContaminants such as water, sulfides, acids and various organic compounds can increase corrosion significantly
Inorg. acid non-ox.Boric AcidExcellentIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Carbolic AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrobromic AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Hydrochloric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrocyanic AcidPoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Hydrofluoric AcidFairGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Hydrofluosilicic AcidGoodGenerally limted to applications in cold, oxidizer free, dilute (<1%) or concentrated solutions
Phosphoric AcidGoodIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Sulfuric AcidGoodNot suitable for hot concentrated solutions
Inorg. acid ox.Chromic AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Nitric AcidPoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Sulfurous AcidFairIncreased corrosion at elevated temperatures and with oxidizers including oxygen (air), dichromates, permanganates and sulfates
Liquid metalMercuryPoorSevere liquid metal embrittlement
MiscellaneousGlueExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Linseed OilGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
RosinExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
SewageExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
Soap SolutionsExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
VarnishExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Neutral/acid saltAlumGood
AluminaExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Aluminum ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Aluminum SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Ammonium ChloridePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Ammonium SulfateFairReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Barium ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Barium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Barium SulfideFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Calcium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Carbon DisulfideGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Magnesium ChlorideGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Magnesium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Potassium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Potassium CyanidePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Potassium Dichromate AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Potassium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium BisulfateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ChlorideExcellentHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Sodium CyanidePoorLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium Dichromate, AcidPoorHighly oxidizing under acidic conditions
Sodium SulfateExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sodium SulfiteGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium ThiosulfateFairHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Zinc ChlorideFairHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Zinc SulfateGoodSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Org. solventAcetoneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
AlcoholsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Amyl AcetateExcellent
Amyl AlcoholExcellent
Butyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
EthersExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Ethyl AcetateExcellent
Ethyl AlcoholExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Lacquer SolventsExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Methyl AlcoholExcellent
TolueneExcellentResistant up to 200F unless contaminated by water, acids, alkalies or salts
Organic acidAcetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Acetic AnhydrideGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Benzoic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Butyric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Chloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Citric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Formic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Lactic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Oxalic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tannic AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Tartaric AcidExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Trichloracetic AcidGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Organic comp.AnilineFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Aniline DyesFairCorrosion rate increases at elevated temperatures or with traces of moisture
Castor OilExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Ethylene GlycolExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FormaldehydeExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
FurfuralExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlucoseExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
GlycerineExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
LacquersExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Oxidizing saltAmmonium NitratePoorReduced corrosion resistance due to soluble complex ion formation
Bleaching Powder, WetGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
BoraxExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Bordeaux MixtureExcellentLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Calcium BisulfiteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Calcium HypochloriteGoodUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Copper ChlorideFairSevere oxidizing environment.
Copper NitrateFairOxidizing environment
Copper SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Ferric ChloridePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferric SulfatePoorSevere oxidizing environment.
Ferrous ChlorideGoodStrong agitation and aeration increases corrosion
Ferrous SulfateGoodHydrolylsis produces weak acidic condition
Hydrogen PeroxideGoodOxidizing environment
Mercury SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Potassium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Silver SaltsPoorNoble metal salt, plates on copper surface
Sodium BisulfiteExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium ChromateExcellentSuitable for neutral or alkaline conditions
Sodium HypochloriteFairUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium NitrateExcellentUseful corrosion resistance with moderate oxidizers levels and <5% chlorides. Optimum resistance at room temperature and above boiling point.
Sodium PeroxideGoodLow corrosion rates, no localized attack
Sulfur comp.Hydrogen Sulfide, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Hydrogen Sulfide, MoistPoorHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur Chloride, DryExcellentRapid corrosion increases with traces of moisture
Sulfur Dioxide, DryExcellentScaling at elevated temperatures
Sulfur Dioxide, MoistFairMixed oxide and sulfide scale forms
Sulfur Trioxide, DryExcellentCorrosion increases with trace of moisture
Sulfur, DryGoodHigh zinc content alloys preferred
Sulfur, MoltenPoorForms non-protective copper sulfide
WaterBrinesExcellentResistant to most oxidizers. Refer to specific salt solution ratings.
Mine WaterFairAcidic waters containing oxidizers are highly corrosive.
Sea WaterExcellentCorrosion affected by salt concentration, temperature, velocity, dissolved oxygen content and pollutants.
SteamExcellentResistant to pure steam. Carbon dixide, dissolved oxygen can increase corrosion. Resistant to ammonia attack.
Water, PotableExcellentCorrosion affected by water chemistry (mineral content, acidity) system design and fabrication. Free carbon dioxide can cause pitting in cold water. Pitting in hot water caused by cathodic deposits.